On the evolution of microstructure and mechanical properties of type 316 austenitic stainless steel during ingot to billet conversion process

Arthur Paquette, Salah Rahimi, Ioannis Violatos, Laurent Langlois, Christian Dumont, Jérôme Blaizot, Malgorzata Rosochowska, Régis Bigot

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Abstract

Manufacturing high value components involves complex and non-linear thermo-mechanical processes to obtain optimum combination of microstructure and mechanical properties required for the final part. Among these, the ingot-to-billet conversion process, involving forging operations of upsetting and cogging, are critical to refine the as-cast coarse, elongated, and dendritic microstructure. In this study, the first stage of the ingot-to-billet conversion process has been investigated in type 316 austenitic stainless steel, aiming to propose a novel methodology for the characterisation of the as-cast material behaviour. Hot upsetting tests were carried out on cylindrical samples taken out from an industrial-scale ingot. The resulted microstructures were analysed, using advanced image analysis method, for the fraction and distribution of the recrystallised grains, highlighting the strong dependency of recrystallisation behaviour on the initial microstructure of the as-cast material. Using a finite element (FE) model considering the anisotropic behaviour of the material, originated from the preferential grain growth during casting, the deformation of the samples were predicted with a good accuracy. The results demonstrate the importance of considering the anisotropic plastic properties in the FE models to effectively predict the as-cast material deformation, shape and thus the thermo-mechanical characteristics applied during forging.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Apr 2021
Event24th International Conference on Material Forming - Virtual
Duration: 14 Apr 202116 Apr 2021
http://aimontefiore.org/esaform2021/

Conference

Conference24th International Conference on Material Forming
Abbreviated titleESAFORM 2021
Period14/04/2116/04/21
Internet address

Keywords

  • ingot to billet conversion process
  • anisotropic plastic flow
  • recrystallisation
  • numerical simulation
  • alloy 316Nb

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