On the energy-momentum tensor of light in strong fields

an all optical view of the Abraham-Minkowski controversy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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Abstract

The Abraham-Minkowski controversy is the debate surrounding the "correct" form of the energy-momentum tensor of light in a medium. Over a century of theoretical and experimental studies have consistently produced conflicting results, with no consensus being found on how best to describe the influence of a material on the propagation of light. It has been argued that the total energy-momentum tensor for each of the theories, which includes both wave and material components, are equal. The difficulty in separating the full energy-momentum tensor is generally attributed to the fact that one cannot obtain the energy-momentum tensor of the medium for real materials. Non-linear electrodynamics provides an opportunity to approach the debate from an all optical set up, where the role of the medium is replaced by the vacuum under the influence of a strong background field. We derive, from first principles, the general form of the energy-momentum tensor in such theories, and use our results to shed some light on this long standing issue.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRelativistic Plasma Waves and Particle Beams as Coherent and Incoherent Radiation Sources II
EditorsDino Jaroszynski
Place of PublicationBellingham, Washington
Number of pages8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2017
EventSPIE Optics + Optoelectronics - Clarion Congress Hote, Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 24 Apr 201727 Apr 2017
http://spie.org/conferences-and-exhibitions/optics-and-optoelectronics
https://spie.org/EOO/conferencedetails/harnessing-relativistic-plasma-waves

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE
PublisherSociety of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
Volume10234
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceSPIE Optics + Optoelectronics
CountryCzech Republic
CityPrague
Period24/04/1727/04/17
Internet address

Fingerprint

kinetic energy
tensors
electrodynamics
vacuum
propagation

Keywords

  • Abraham-Minkowski controversy
  • slow light experiments
  • non-linear vacuum electrodynamics
  • Euler-Heisenberg
  • Born-Infeld

Cite this

MacLeod, A. J., Noble, A., & Jaroszynski, D. A. (2017). On the energy-momentum tensor of light in strong fields: an all optical view of the Abraham-Minkowski controversy. In D. Jaroszynski (Ed.), Relativistic Plasma Waves and Particle Beams as Coherent and Incoherent Radiation Sources II [102340F] (Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 10234). Bellingham, Washington. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2269630
MacLeod, Alexander J. ; Noble, Adam ; Jaroszynski, Dino A. / On the energy-momentum tensor of light in strong fields : an all optical view of the Abraham-Minkowski controversy. Relativistic Plasma Waves and Particle Beams as Coherent and Incoherent Radiation Sources II. editor / Dino Jaroszynski. Bellingham, Washington, 2017. (Proceedings of SPIE).
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abstract = "The Abraham-Minkowski controversy is the debate surrounding the {"}correct{"} form of the energy-momentum tensor of light in a medium. Over a century of theoretical and experimental studies have consistently produced conflicting results, with no consensus being found on how best to describe the influence of a material on the propagation of light. It has been argued that the total energy-momentum tensor for each of the theories, which includes both wave and material components, are equal. The difficulty in separating the full energy-momentum tensor is generally attributed to the fact that one cannot obtain the energy-momentum tensor of the medium for real materials. Non-linear electrodynamics provides an opportunity to approach the debate from an all optical set up, where the role of the medium is replaced by the vacuum under the influence of a strong background field. We derive, from first principles, the general form of the energy-momentum tensor in such theories, and use our results to shed some light on this long standing issue.",
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MacLeod, AJ, Noble, A & Jaroszynski, DA 2017, On the energy-momentum tensor of light in strong fields: an all optical view of the Abraham-Minkowski controversy. in D Jaroszynski (ed.), Relativistic Plasma Waves and Particle Beams as Coherent and Incoherent Radiation Sources II., 102340F, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 10234, Bellingham, Washington, SPIE Optics + Optoelectronics, Prague, Czech Republic, 24/04/17. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2269630

On the energy-momentum tensor of light in strong fields : an all optical view of the Abraham-Minkowski controversy. / MacLeod, Alexander J.; Noble, Adam; Jaroszynski, Dino A.

Relativistic Plasma Waves and Particle Beams as Coherent and Incoherent Radiation Sources II. ed. / Dino Jaroszynski. Bellingham, Washington, 2017. 102340F (Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 10234).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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MacLeod AJ, Noble A, Jaroszynski DA. On the energy-momentum tensor of light in strong fields: an all optical view of the Abraham-Minkowski controversy. In Jaroszynski D, editor, Relativistic Plasma Waves and Particle Beams as Coherent and Incoherent Radiation Sources II. Bellingham, Washington. 2017. 102340F. (Proceedings of SPIE). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2269630