On the effect of thermodiffusion on solute segregation during the growth of semiconductor materials by the vertical Bridgman method

Mokhtar Ben Sassi, Slim Kaddeche, Marcello Lappa, Séverine Millet, Daniel Henry, Hamda Ben Hadid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of thermodiffusion on dopant distribution in the melt and in the grown crystal is investigated numerically for a vertical Bridgman configuration for situations of pure thermal convection corresponding to dilute alloys. The dopant distribution is shown to be significantly affected by the Soret parameter value. The sensitivity of the system to a variety of parameters, including the Grashof number and the so-called furnace residence time, i.e. the time during which the crucible is maintained in the furnace before initiating the solidification process, is assessed by means of parametric simulations. Moreover, the results indicate that variations in the sign of the Soret parameter can lead to diametrically opposite behaviours, while an increase in the intensity of the thermal convection generally leads to a mitigation of the effects induced by thermodiffusion. On the basis of the numerical results some useful criteria are drawn which could help crystal growers to discern the complex interrelations among the various parameters under one’s control (that are not independent of one another) and to elaborate rational guidelines relating to strategies to be used to improve the quality of the resulting crystals.
LanguageEnglish
Pages154-165
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume458
Early online date20 Sep 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

Crystal growth from melt
Bridgman method
solutes
Semiconductor materials
Crystals
Furnaces
Doping (additives)
free convection
furnaces
Grashof number
Crucibles
crystals
Solidification
crucibles
solidification
sensitivity
configurations
Hot Temperature
Convection
simulation

Keywords

  • convection
  • directional solidification
  • segregation
  • soret effect
  • crystal growth from melt
  • thermodiffusion
  • vertical Bridgman configuration
  • dopant distribution

Cite this

Ben Sassi, Mokhtar ; Kaddeche, Slim ; Lappa, Marcello ; Millet, Séverine ; Henry, Daniel ; Ben Hadid, Hamda. / On the effect of thermodiffusion on solute segregation during the growth of semiconductor materials by the vertical Bridgman method. In: Journal of Crystal Growth. 2017 ; Vol. 458. pp. 154-165.
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abstract = "The effect of thermodiffusion on dopant distribution in the melt and in the grown crystal is investigated numerically for a vertical Bridgman configuration for situations of pure thermal convection corresponding to dilute alloys. The dopant distribution is shown to be significantly affected by the Soret parameter value. The sensitivity of the system to a variety of parameters, including the Grashof number and the so-called furnace residence time, i.e. the time during which the crucible is maintained in the furnace before initiating the solidification process, is assessed by means of parametric simulations. Moreover, the results indicate that variations in the sign of the Soret parameter can lead to diametrically opposite behaviours, while an increase in the intensity of the thermal convection generally leads to a mitigation of the effects induced by thermodiffusion. On the basis of the numerical results some useful criteria are drawn which could help crystal growers to discern the complex interrelations among the various parameters under one’s control (that are not independent of one another) and to elaborate rational guidelines relating to strategies to be used to improve the quality of the resulting crystals.",
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On the effect of thermodiffusion on solute segregation during the growth of semiconductor materials by the vertical Bridgman method. / Ben Sassi, Mokhtar; Kaddeche, Slim; Lappa, Marcello; Millet, Séverine; Henry, Daniel; Ben Hadid, Hamda.

In: Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 458, 15.01.2017, p. 154-165.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Ben Sassi, Mokhtar

AU - Kaddeche, Slim

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AU - Henry, Daniel

AU - Ben Hadid, Hamda

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N2 - The effect of thermodiffusion on dopant distribution in the melt and in the grown crystal is investigated numerically for a vertical Bridgman configuration for situations of pure thermal convection corresponding to dilute alloys. The dopant distribution is shown to be significantly affected by the Soret parameter value. The sensitivity of the system to a variety of parameters, including the Grashof number and the so-called furnace residence time, i.e. the time during which the crucible is maintained in the furnace before initiating the solidification process, is assessed by means of parametric simulations. Moreover, the results indicate that variations in the sign of the Soret parameter can lead to diametrically opposite behaviours, while an increase in the intensity of the thermal convection generally leads to a mitigation of the effects induced by thermodiffusion. On the basis of the numerical results some useful criteria are drawn which could help crystal growers to discern the complex interrelations among the various parameters under one’s control (that are not independent of one another) and to elaborate rational guidelines relating to strategies to be used to improve the quality of the resulting crystals.

AB - The effect of thermodiffusion on dopant distribution in the melt and in the grown crystal is investigated numerically for a vertical Bridgman configuration for situations of pure thermal convection corresponding to dilute alloys. The dopant distribution is shown to be significantly affected by the Soret parameter value. The sensitivity of the system to a variety of parameters, including the Grashof number and the so-called furnace residence time, i.e. the time during which the crucible is maintained in the furnace before initiating the solidification process, is assessed by means of parametric simulations. Moreover, the results indicate that variations in the sign of the Soret parameter can lead to diametrically opposite behaviours, while an increase in the intensity of the thermal convection generally leads to a mitigation of the effects induced by thermodiffusion. On the basis of the numerical results some useful criteria are drawn which could help crystal growers to discern the complex interrelations among the various parameters under one’s control (that are not independent of one another) and to elaborate rational guidelines relating to strategies to be used to improve the quality of the resulting crystals.

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