On the effect of temperature gradients and coating translucence on the accuracy of phosphor thermometry

C. C. Pilgrim, J. P. Feist, A. L. Heyes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accurate knowledge of the operating temperature of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) is not currently available, therefore significant safety margins are employed during operation of gas turbines, which limit the engine efficiency. Recently, phosphorescent sensor TBCs have been used to detect coating temperatures with a reported accuracy under isothermal conditions up to 4 K. However, the thermal gradient through a TBC in modern gas turbines is of the order of 1 K μm-1. The interpretation of the temperature provided by a sensor coating therefore requires a better understanding of the through thickness response of the material. Kubelka-Munk theory has been adapted to describe the light propagation and generation through the thickness of a sensor coating. The model indicates that the temperature measurement can be considered to come from a depth of 17 μm below the surface, depending on the coating type, thermal gradient and coating thickness. As such, the coating can be designed to suit the application, and the temperature variation due to the thermal gradient and coating thickness can be limited to 1%. Where coating design is restricted by its application, the sensor material can be embedded within the coating to avoid measurement errors due to thermal gradients, provided the sensor layer is sufficiently thin. This, however, causes a significant reduction in emission intensity, hence reducing the signal-to-noise ratio, and necessitating a compromise between signal amplitude and measurement accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105201
Number of pages10
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

translucence
Phosphor
Phosphors
Thermal gradients
phosphors
Coating
temperature measurement
temperature gradients
Gradient
coatings
Coatings
Thermal Barrier Coatings
Thermal barrier coatings
Sensor
Sensors
Gas Turbine
sensors
gradients
Gas turbines
gas turbines

Keywords

  • Kubelka-Munk
  • phosphor thermometry
  • thermal barrier coatings

Cite this

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abstract = "Accurate knowledge of the operating temperature of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) is not currently available, therefore significant safety margins are employed during operation of gas turbines, which limit the engine efficiency. Recently, phosphorescent sensor TBCs have been used to detect coating temperatures with a reported accuracy under isothermal conditions up to 4 K. However, the thermal gradient through a TBC in modern gas turbines is of the order of 1 K μm-1. The interpretation of the temperature provided by a sensor coating therefore requires a better understanding of the through thickness response of the material. Kubelka-Munk theory has been adapted to describe the light propagation and generation through the thickness of a sensor coating. The model indicates that the temperature measurement can be considered to come from a depth of 17 μm below the surface, depending on the coating type, thermal gradient and coating thickness. As such, the coating can be designed to suit the application, and the temperature variation due to the thermal gradient and coating thickness can be limited to 1{\%}. Where coating design is restricted by its application, the sensor material can be embedded within the coating to avoid measurement errors due to thermal gradients, provided the sensor layer is sufficiently thin. This, however, causes a significant reduction in emission intensity, hence reducing the signal-to-noise ratio, and necessitating a compromise between signal amplitude and measurement accuracy.",
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On the effect of temperature gradients and coating translucence on the accuracy of phosphor thermometry. / Pilgrim, C. C.; Feist, J. P.; Heyes, A. L.

In: Measurement Science and Technology, Vol. 24, No. 10, 105201, 14.08.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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