On-line solid-phase extraction with molecularly imprinted polymers to selectively extract substituted 4-chlorophenols and 4-nitrophenol from water

E. Caro, R.M. Marce, P.A.G. Cormack, D.C. Sherrington, F. Borrull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

148 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three polymers have been synthesised using 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) as the template, following different protocols (non-covalent and semi-covalent) and using different functional co-monomers, 4-vinylpyridine (4-VP) and methacrylic acid (MAA). The polymers were evaluated to check their selectivity as molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) in solid-phase extraction (SPE) coupled on-line to liquid chromatography. The solid-phase extraction procedure using MIPs (MISPE), including the clean-up step to remove any interferences, was optimised. The 4-VP non-covalent polymer was the only one which showed a clear imprint effect. This MIP also showed cross-reactivity for the 4-chloro-substituted phenols and for 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) from a mixture containing the 11 priority EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) phenolic compounds and 4-chlorophenol. The MIP was applied to selectively extract the 4-chloro-substituted compounds and 4-NP from river water samples.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume995
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2003

Keywords

  • water analysis
  • solid-phase extraction
  • molecular imprinting
  • 4-chlorophenols
  • 4-nitrophenol

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