Obesity impairs academic attainment in adolescents: findings from ALSPAC

James Boyle, Josephine Booth, Andy R. Ness, Phillip Tomporowski, Carol Joinson, Sam D. Leary, John Reilly

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Background: Obesity may be associated with academic attainment, however the extent to which this is related to psychological factors is not known. The present study examined whether obesity at age 11 is longitudinally associated with academic attainment after controlling for a wide range of confounders. Method: 5966 participants (46.2% male) from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) attended a research clinic at 11 years old and were categorised into healthy-weight, overweight or obese. Data linkage was performed with nationally administered school assessments at age 11, 13 and 16 years. Results: 14.5% of females and 16.3% of males were obese at 11 years old, with smaller proportions overweight (females = 13.1%; males= 13.5%). Regression analyses found that, in females, after controlling for confounders, those who were obese were predicted to have lower academic attainment than participants of a healthy weight at age 11 (Beta = -1.35, 95% CI = -3.17 to 0.48), age 13 (Beta = - 3.71, 95% CI = -6.38 to -1.04) and age 16 (Beta = - 0.26, 95% CI = -0.47 to -0.05). The same pattern was not observed when comparing those who were overweight. While similar associations were observed in males at 11 (Beta = -2.52, 95% CI = -4.78 to -0.26) associations were smaller at 13 (Beta = - 1.59, 95% CI -4.76 to 1.58) and 16 years (Beta = - 0.08, 95% CI = -0.33 to 0.16). Conclusions: Obese adolescent girls achieved lower grades in both the short and long-term, however being overweight was not as detrimental. Results were apparent even after controlling for Background: Obesity may be associated with academic attainment, however the extent to which this is related to psychological factors is not known.
The present study examined whether obesity at age 11 is longitudinally associated with academic attainment after controlling for a wide range of
confounders. Method: 5966 participants (46.2% male) from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) attended a research clinic at 11 years old and were categorised into healthy-weight, overweight or obese. Data linkage was performed with nationally administered school assessments at age 11, 13 and 16 years. Results: 14.5% of females and 16.3% of males were
obese at 11 years old, with smaller proportions overweight (females = 13.1%; males= 13.5%). Regression analyses found that, in females, after controlling for confounders, those who were obese were predicted to have lower academic attainment than participants of a healthy weight at age 11 (Beta = -1.35, 95% CI = -3.17 to 0.48), age 13 (Beta = - 3.71, 95% CI = -6.38 to -1.04) and age 16 (Beta = - 0.26, 95% CI = -0.47 to -0.05). The same pattern was not observed when comparing those who were overweight. While similar associations were observed in males at 11 (Beta = -2.52, 95% CI = -4.78
to -0.26) associations were smaller at 13 (Beta = - 1.59, 95% CI -4.76 to 1.58) and 16 years (Beta = - 0.08, 95% CI = -0.33 to 0.16). Conclusions: Obese adolescent girls achieved lower grades in both the short and long-term, however being overweight was not as detrimental. Results were apparent even after controlling for confounders, suggesting that psychological factors such as depressive symptoms and IQ cannot fully account for observed associations. These findings indicate that obesity has detrimental effects on educational attainment which may have important implications for both research and policy.

Conference

ConferenceJoint Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society's Cognitive and Developmental Sections
Abbreviated titleCogDev2013
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityReading
Period4/09/136/09/13

Fingerprint

Longitudinal Studies
longitudinal study
parents
Obesity
Parents
adolescent
psychological factors
Weights and Measures
Information Storage and Retrieval
Psychology
Healthy Volunteers
Regression Analysis
Research
regression
school
Depression

Keywords

  • obesity
  • academic attainment
  • weight status
  • childhood obesity

Cite this

Boyle, J., Booth, J., Ness, A. R., Tomporowski, P., Joinson, C., Leary, S. D., & Reilly, J. (2013). Obesity impairs academic attainment in adolescents: findings from ALSPAC. Paper presented at Joint Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society's Cognitive and Developmental Sections, Reading, United Kingdom.
Boyle, James ; Booth, Josephine ; Ness, Andy R. ; Tomporowski, Phillip ; Joinson, Carol ; Leary, Sam D. ; Reilly, John. / Obesity impairs academic attainment in adolescents : findings from ALSPAC. Paper presented at Joint Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society's Cognitive and Developmental Sections, Reading, United Kingdom.
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title = "Obesity impairs academic attainment in adolescents: findings from ALSPAC",
abstract = "Background: Obesity may be associated with academic attainment, however the extent to which this is related to psychological factors is not known. The present study examined whether obesity at age 11 is longitudinally associated with academic attainment after controlling for a wide range of confounders. Method: 5966 participants (46.2{\%} male) from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) attended a research clinic at 11 years old and were categorised into healthy-weight, overweight or obese. Data linkage was performed with nationally administered school assessments at age 11, 13 and 16 years. Results: 14.5{\%} of females and 16.3{\%} of males were obese at 11 years old, with smaller proportions overweight (females = 13.1{\%}; males= 13.5{\%}). Regression analyses found that, in females, after controlling for confounders, those who were obese were predicted to have lower academic attainment than participants of a healthy weight at age 11 (Beta = -1.35, 95{\%} CI = -3.17 to 0.48), age 13 (Beta = - 3.71, 95{\%} CI = -6.38 to -1.04) and age 16 (Beta = - 0.26, 95{\%} CI = -0.47 to -0.05). The same pattern was not observed when comparing those who were overweight. While similar associations were observed in males at 11 (Beta = -2.52, 95{\%} CI = -4.78 to -0.26) associations were smaller at 13 (Beta = - 1.59, 95{\%} CI -4.76 to 1.58) and 16 years (Beta = - 0.08, 95{\%} CI = -0.33 to 0.16). Conclusions: Obese adolescent girls achieved lower grades in both the short and long-term, however being overweight was not as detrimental. Results were apparent even after controlling for Background: Obesity may be associated with academic attainment, however the extent to which this is related to psychological factors is not known.The present study examined whether obesity at age 11 is longitudinally associated with academic attainment after controlling for a wide range ofconfounders. Method: 5966 participants (46.2{\%} male) from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) attended a research clinic at 11 years old and were categorised into healthy-weight, overweight or obese. Data linkage was performed with nationally administered school assessments at age 11, 13 and 16 years. Results: 14.5{\%} of females and 16.3{\%} of males wereobese at 11 years old, with smaller proportions overweight (females = 13.1{\%}; males= 13.5{\%}). Regression analyses found that, in females, after controlling for confounders, those who were obese were predicted to have lower academic attainment than participants of a healthy weight at age 11 (Beta = -1.35, 95{\%} CI = -3.17 to 0.48), age 13 (Beta = - 3.71, 95{\%} CI = -6.38 to -1.04) and age 16 (Beta = - 0.26, 95{\%} CI = -0.47 to -0.05). The same pattern was not observed when comparing those who were overweight. While similar associations were observed in males at 11 (Beta = -2.52, 95{\%} CI = -4.78to -0.26) associations were smaller at 13 (Beta = - 1.59, 95{\%} CI -4.76 to 1.58) and 16 years (Beta = - 0.08, 95{\%} CI = -0.33 to 0.16). Conclusions: Obese adolescent girls achieved lower grades in both the short and long-term, however being overweight was not as detrimental. Results were apparent even after controlling for confounders, suggesting that psychological factors such as depressive symptoms and IQ cannot fully account for observed associations. These findings indicate that obesity has detrimental effects on educational attainment which may have important implications for both research and policy.",
keywords = "obesity, academic attainment, weight status, childhood obesity",
author = "James Boyle and Josephine Booth and Ness, {Andy R.} and Phillip Tomporowski and Carol Joinson and Leary, {Sam D.} and John Reilly",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
language = "English",
note = "Joint Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society's Cognitive and Developmental Sections, CogDev2013 ; Conference date: 04-09-2013 Through 06-09-2013",

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Boyle, J, Booth, J, Ness, AR, Tomporowski, P, Joinson, C, Leary, SD & Reilly, J 2013, 'Obesity impairs academic attainment in adolescents: findings from ALSPAC' Paper presented at Joint Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society's Cognitive and Developmental Sections, Reading, United Kingdom, 4/09/13 - 6/09/13, .

Obesity impairs academic attainment in adolescents : findings from ALSPAC. / Boyle, James; Booth, Josephine; Ness, Andy R.; Tomporowski, Phillip ; Joinson, Carol; Leary, Sam D.; Reilly, John.

2013. Paper presented at Joint Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society's Cognitive and Developmental Sections, Reading, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Obesity impairs academic attainment in adolescents

T2 - findings from ALSPAC

AU - Boyle, James

AU - Booth, Josephine

AU - Ness, Andy R.

AU - Tomporowski, Phillip

AU - Joinson, Carol

AU - Leary, Sam D.

AU - Reilly, John

PY - 2013/9

Y1 - 2013/9

N2 - Background: Obesity may be associated with academic attainment, however the extent to which this is related to psychological factors is not known. The present study examined whether obesity at age 11 is longitudinally associated with academic attainment after controlling for a wide range of confounders. Method: 5966 participants (46.2% male) from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) attended a research clinic at 11 years old and were categorised into healthy-weight, overweight or obese. Data linkage was performed with nationally administered school assessments at age 11, 13 and 16 years. Results: 14.5% of females and 16.3% of males were obese at 11 years old, with smaller proportions overweight (females = 13.1%; males= 13.5%). Regression analyses found that, in females, after controlling for confounders, those who were obese were predicted to have lower academic attainment than participants of a healthy weight at age 11 (Beta = -1.35, 95% CI = -3.17 to 0.48), age 13 (Beta = - 3.71, 95% CI = -6.38 to -1.04) and age 16 (Beta = - 0.26, 95% CI = -0.47 to -0.05). The same pattern was not observed when comparing those who were overweight. While similar associations were observed in males at 11 (Beta = -2.52, 95% CI = -4.78 to -0.26) associations were smaller at 13 (Beta = - 1.59, 95% CI -4.76 to 1.58) and 16 years (Beta = - 0.08, 95% CI = -0.33 to 0.16). Conclusions: Obese adolescent girls achieved lower grades in both the short and long-term, however being overweight was not as detrimental. Results were apparent even after controlling for Background: Obesity may be associated with academic attainment, however the extent to which this is related to psychological factors is not known.The present study examined whether obesity at age 11 is longitudinally associated with academic attainment after controlling for a wide range ofconfounders. Method: 5966 participants (46.2% male) from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) attended a research clinic at 11 years old and were categorised into healthy-weight, overweight or obese. Data linkage was performed with nationally administered school assessments at age 11, 13 and 16 years. Results: 14.5% of females and 16.3% of males wereobese at 11 years old, with smaller proportions overweight (females = 13.1%; males= 13.5%). Regression analyses found that, in females, after controlling for confounders, those who were obese were predicted to have lower academic attainment than participants of a healthy weight at age 11 (Beta = -1.35, 95% CI = -3.17 to 0.48), age 13 (Beta = - 3.71, 95% CI = -6.38 to -1.04) and age 16 (Beta = - 0.26, 95% CI = -0.47 to -0.05). The same pattern was not observed when comparing those who were overweight. While similar associations were observed in males at 11 (Beta = -2.52, 95% CI = -4.78to -0.26) associations were smaller at 13 (Beta = - 1.59, 95% CI -4.76 to 1.58) and 16 years (Beta = - 0.08, 95% CI = -0.33 to 0.16). Conclusions: Obese adolescent girls achieved lower grades in both the short and long-term, however being overweight was not as detrimental. Results were apparent even after controlling for confounders, suggesting that psychological factors such as depressive symptoms and IQ cannot fully account for observed associations. These findings indicate that obesity has detrimental effects on educational attainment which may have important implications for both research and policy.

AB - Background: Obesity may be associated with academic attainment, however the extent to which this is related to psychological factors is not known. The present study examined whether obesity at age 11 is longitudinally associated with academic attainment after controlling for a wide range of confounders. Method: 5966 participants (46.2% male) from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) attended a research clinic at 11 years old and were categorised into healthy-weight, overweight or obese. Data linkage was performed with nationally administered school assessments at age 11, 13 and 16 years. Results: 14.5% of females and 16.3% of males were obese at 11 years old, with smaller proportions overweight (females = 13.1%; males= 13.5%). Regression analyses found that, in females, after controlling for confounders, those who were obese were predicted to have lower academic attainment than participants of a healthy weight at age 11 (Beta = -1.35, 95% CI = -3.17 to 0.48), age 13 (Beta = - 3.71, 95% CI = -6.38 to -1.04) and age 16 (Beta = - 0.26, 95% CI = -0.47 to -0.05). The same pattern was not observed when comparing those who were overweight. While similar associations were observed in males at 11 (Beta = -2.52, 95% CI = -4.78 to -0.26) associations were smaller at 13 (Beta = - 1.59, 95% CI -4.76 to 1.58) and 16 years (Beta = - 0.08, 95% CI = -0.33 to 0.16). Conclusions: Obese adolescent girls achieved lower grades in both the short and long-term, however being overweight was not as detrimental. Results were apparent even after controlling for Background: Obesity may be associated with academic attainment, however the extent to which this is related to psychological factors is not known.The present study examined whether obesity at age 11 is longitudinally associated with academic attainment after controlling for a wide range ofconfounders. Method: 5966 participants (46.2% male) from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) attended a research clinic at 11 years old and were categorised into healthy-weight, overweight or obese. Data linkage was performed with nationally administered school assessments at age 11, 13 and 16 years. Results: 14.5% of females and 16.3% of males wereobese at 11 years old, with smaller proportions overweight (females = 13.1%; males= 13.5%). Regression analyses found that, in females, after controlling for confounders, those who were obese were predicted to have lower academic attainment than participants of a healthy weight at age 11 (Beta = -1.35, 95% CI = -3.17 to 0.48), age 13 (Beta = - 3.71, 95% CI = -6.38 to -1.04) and age 16 (Beta = - 0.26, 95% CI = -0.47 to -0.05). The same pattern was not observed when comparing those who were overweight. While similar associations were observed in males at 11 (Beta = -2.52, 95% CI = -4.78to -0.26) associations were smaller at 13 (Beta = - 1.59, 95% CI -4.76 to 1.58) and 16 years (Beta = - 0.08, 95% CI = -0.33 to 0.16). Conclusions: Obese adolescent girls achieved lower grades in both the short and long-term, however being overweight was not as detrimental. Results were apparent even after controlling for confounders, suggesting that psychological factors such as depressive symptoms and IQ cannot fully account for observed associations. These findings indicate that obesity has detrimental effects on educational attainment which may have important implications for both research and policy.

KW - obesity

KW - academic attainment

KW - weight status

KW - childhood obesity

M3 - Paper

ER -

Boyle J, Booth J, Ness AR, Tomporowski P, Joinson C, Leary SD et al. Obesity impairs academic attainment in adolescents: findings from ALSPAC. 2013. Paper presented at Joint Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society's Cognitive and Developmental Sections, Reading, United Kingdom.