Numerical cavitation noise prediction of a benchmark research vessel propeller

Savas Sezen, Mehmet Atlar, Patrick Fitzsimmons, Noriyuki Sasaki, Giorgio Tani, Naz Yilmaz, Batuhan Aktas

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29 Citations (Scopus)
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This paper presents the preliminary results of a numerical study for noise prediction of a benchmark propeller in open water/uniform flow conditions. The experimental benchmark test data for the research vessel, “The Princess Royal”, were used for validation purposes. The numerical analyses were implemented by using a viscous solver based on the finite volume method while the experimental data were obtained from model tests conducted at the Genova University Cavitation Tunnel. The main aim of the study is to predict propeller hydro-acoustic performance under cavitating conditions. The hydrodynamic flow field was solved using a RANS (Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes) solver. The Schnerr-Sauer cavitation model based on a reduced Rayleigh-Plesset equation together with a VOF approach was used to model sheet cavitation on the propeller blades. The computed hydrodynamic characteristics and sheet cavity patterns were shown to be in good agreement with the Genoa experimental data, thus providing a firm basis for cavitating noise predictions. The hydro-acoustic performance of the model propeller was predicted by using a hybrid method. In the noise simulations, RANS equations were equipped with a porous FW-H (Ffowcs Williams-Hawkings) formulation. The different propeller operational conditions were simulated using this hybrid method. The numerical results were also validated with the experimental data for the propeller hydro-acoustic performance. Whereas such validations showed promising results by means of overall noise spectrum with the benchmark test cases in the low-frequency range, the numerical prediction overestimated the 1st BPF values (around 20 dB) in five loading conditions. Besides, in some loading conditions, especially between 200 and 800 Hz, the difference between numerical predictions and the experiment was found around 5–10 dB.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107549
JournalOcean Engineering
Early online date17 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2020


  • cavitation
  • CFD
  • FW-H
  • propeller underwater radiated noise (URN)
  • RANS
  • the princess royal research vessel


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