Number of objects and number of features influence the extent of age related differences in visual information processing

Duncan Guest, Andrew Mackenzie, Christina J Howard, Stephen Badham, Louise Brown

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Abstract

Guest et al. (2015) used a time-accuracy-function (TAF) paradigm to estimate age related differences in the speed of visual information processing and found that this was reduced for older adults but only when multiple stimuli were present. However, this slowing may have been due to the number of objects, the number of relevant features or total amount of information in the displays. We disentangled these factors in two experiments that utilised the TAF procedure. In Experiment 1, four Gabor stimuli were always presented and participants were post-cued to report the orientation of one of these. Either 1,2 or 4 objects were pre-cued with minimal age related slowing of processing for set size 1, but age related differences observed for larger set sizes. Experiment 2 examined the extent to which processing rate was influenced by the number of objects or features to be reported. Two, two feature stimuli were always presented with pre-cues as to the relevant features/objects. Age related differences in processing rate were observed that indicated that that it was neither the number of objects nor the number of features per se, but the similarity between features to be encoded that caused age related slowing in processing rate.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2017
EventExperimental Psychology Society: Reading Meeing - Reading, United Kingdom
Duration: 12 Jul 201714 Jul 2017

Conference

ConferenceExperimental Psychology Society
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityReading
Period12/07/1714/07/17

Keywords

  • time-accuracy-function (TAF) paradigm
  • age related differences
  • visual information processing

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    Guest, D., Mackenzie, A., Howard, C. J., Badham, S., & Brown, L. (2017). Number of objects and number of features influence the extent of age related differences in visual information processing. Abstract from Experimental Psychology Society, Reading, United Kingdom.