Nudging leverage points: influencing transformative policy change

Iain Black, Julia Leventon, Craig Anderson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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For over 50 years governments, businesses and individuals have acted too slowly nor at sufficient scale to address anthropogenic climate change. To provide insight into addressing issues of timing, speed, scale and scope of government action, this chapter examines how behavioural science can be used to design interventions acting at leverage points in a system, points where relatively small-scale changes can lead to deeper systemic transformations. Having introduced Systems Theory, mental model leverage points and existing advice on how to intervene at them, we set out relevant biases, heuristics and choice architecture that can guide understanding and interventions, so that action at these places can be triggered and maintained. This chapter introduces the use of behavioural science at leverage points to ethical and responsible consumption research so addressing how to influence and enact systems change and to reorientate ‘nudge’ toward influencing policy makers as well as being used to design policy.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch Handbook on Ethical Consumption
Subtitle of host publicationContemporary Research in Responsible and Sustainable Consumer Behaviour
EditorsMarylyn Carrigan, Victoria Wells, Karolos Papadas
Place of PublicationCheltenham
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781802202021
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2023


  • systems change
  • climate change
  • behaviour science
  • nudge
  • leverage points
  • interventions


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