Novel low-temperature photocatalytic titania films produced by plasma-assisted reactive dc magnetron sputtering

A. Mills, Jishun S. Wang, M. Crow, G. Taglioni, L. Novella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Robust, active, anatase titania films, 250 nm thick, are deposited onto glass at low temperatures, i.e., <100 °C, using plasma-assisted, reactive dc magnetron sputtering (PAR-DC-MS). The films are transparent and colourless and truly photocatalytic, exhibiting turnover numbers >2.0 for the photocatalytic mineralization of stearic acid. These films are typically 6.9 times more active than a sample of commercial self-cleaning glass, comprising a 15 nm layer of titania deposited by CVD, mainly because they are much thicker and, therefore, absorb more of the incident UV light. The most active of the films tested comprised particles of P25, but lacked any significant physical robustness. Similar results, but much more quickly obtained, were generated using a photocatalyst-sensitive ink, based on the redox dye, resazurin, Rz. All titania films tested, including those produced by magnetron sputtering exhibited photo-induced superhydrophilicity. The possible future application of PAR-DC-MS for producing very active photocatalytic films on substrates not renowned for their high temperature stabilities, such as plastics, is noted.
LanguageEnglish
Pages370-376
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Volume187
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2007

Fingerprint

Reactive sputtering
Magnetron sputtering
magnetron sputtering
titanium
Titanium
Plasmas
Temperature
Glass
Stearic acid
glass
inks
Photocatalysts
Ink
Ultraviolet radiation
anatase
Titanium dioxide
cleaning
Chemical vapor deposition
Cleaning
Coloring Agents

Keywords

  • photocatalysis
  • plasma-assisted
  • magnetron sputtering
  • low-temperature
  • titania
  • stearic acid
  • resazurin

Cite this

Mills, A. ; Wang, Jishun S. ; Crow, M. ; Taglioni, G. ; Novella, L. / Novel low-temperature photocatalytic titania films produced by plasma-assisted reactive dc magnetron sputtering. In: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry. 2007 ; Vol. 187, No. 2-3. pp. 370-376.
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Novel low-temperature photocatalytic titania films produced by plasma-assisted reactive dc magnetron sputtering. / Mills, A.; Wang, Jishun S.; Crow, M.; Taglioni, G.; Novella, L.

In: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, Vol. 187, No. 2-3, 15.04.2007, p. 370-376.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Novella, L.

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AB - Robust, active, anatase titania films, 250 nm thick, are deposited onto glass at low temperatures, i.e., <100 °C, using plasma-assisted, reactive dc magnetron sputtering (PAR-DC-MS). The films are transparent and colourless and truly photocatalytic, exhibiting turnover numbers >2.0 for the photocatalytic mineralization of stearic acid. These films are typically 6.9 times more active than a sample of commercial self-cleaning glass, comprising a 15 nm layer of titania deposited by CVD, mainly because they are much thicker and, therefore, absorb more of the incident UV light. The most active of the films tested comprised particles of P25, but lacked any significant physical robustness. Similar results, but much more quickly obtained, were generated using a photocatalyst-sensitive ink, based on the redox dye, resazurin, Rz. All titania films tested, including those produced by magnetron sputtering exhibited photo-induced superhydrophilicity. The possible future application of PAR-DC-MS for producing very active photocatalytic films on substrates not renowned for their high temperature stabilities, such as plastics, is noted.

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