Although quasi maximum likelihood estimator based on Gaussian density (G-QMLE) is widely used to estimate GARCH-type models, it does not perform successfully when error distribution is either skewed or leptokurtic. This paper proposes normal mixture quasi-maximum likelihood estimator (NM-QMLE) for non-stationary TGARCH(1,1) models. We show that, under mild regular conditions, there is no consistent estimator for the intercept, and the proposed estimator for any other parameter is consistent.
- non-stationary TGARCH models
- quasi-maximum likelihood estimator