### Abstract

The technology of high ISP propulsion systems with long lifetime and low thrust is improving, and opens up numerous possibilities for future missions. The use of continuous thrust can be applied in all directions including prependicular to the flight direction to force the spacecraft out of a natural orbit (or A orbit) into a displaced orbit (a non-Keplerian or B orbit): such orbits could have a diverse range of potential applications. Using the equations of motion we generate a catalogue of these B orbits corresponding to displaced orbits about the Sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth, the Moon, Mars, Phobos and Deimos, the dwarf planet Ceres, and Saturn. For each system and a given thrust, contours both in and perpendicular to the plane of the ecliptic are produced in the rotating frame, in addition to an equithrust surface. Together these illustrate the possible domain of B orbits for low thrust values between 0 and 300mN. Further, the required thrust vector orientation for the B orbit is obtained and illustrated. The sub-category of solar sail enabled missions is also considered. Such a catalogue of B orbits enables an efficient method of indentifying regions of possible displaced orbits for potential use in future missions.

Original language | English |
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Pages | C1.2.8 |

Number of pages | 15 |

Publication status | Published - 12 Oct 2009 |

Event | 60th International Astronautical Congress - Daejeon, Korea Duration: 12 Oct 2009 → 16 Oct 2009 |

### Conference

Conference | 60th International Astronautical Congress |
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City | Daejeon, Korea |

Period | 12/10/09 → 16/10/09 |

### Keywords

- high ISP propulsion systems
- natural orbit
- non-Keplerian orbit
- rotating frame
- equithrust surface
- solar sail

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## Cite this

McKay, R., Macdonald, M., Bosquillon de Frescheville, F., Vasile, M., McInnes, C., & Biggs, J. (2009).

*Non-Keplerian orbits using low thrust, high ISP propulsion systems*. C1.2.8. Paper presented at 60th International Astronautical Congress, Daejeon, Korea, .