Non-Keplerian orbits using low thrust, high ISP propulsion systems

Robert McKay, Malcolm Macdonald, Francois Bosquillon de Frescheville, Massimiliano Vasile, Colin McInnes, James Biggs

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The technology of high ISP propulsion systems with long lifetime and low thrust is improving, and opens up numerous possibilities for future missions. The use of continuous thrust can be applied in all directions including prependicular to the flight direction to force the spacecraft out of a natural orbit (or A orbit) into a displaced orbit (a non-Keplerian or B orbit): such orbits could have a diverse range of potential applications. Using the equations of motion we generate a catalogue of these B orbits corresponding to displaced orbits about the Sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth, the Moon, Mars, Phobos and Deimos, the dwarf planet Ceres, and Saturn. For each system and a given thrust, contours both in and perpendicular to the plane of the ecliptic are produced in the rotating frame, in addition to an equithrust surface. Together these illustrate the possible domain of B orbits for low thrust values between 0 and 300mN. Further, the required thrust vector orientation for the B orbit is obtained and illustrated. The sub-category of solar sail enabled missions is also considered. Such a catalogue of B orbits enables an efficient method of indentifying regions of possible displaced orbits for potential use in future missions.
LanguageEnglish
PagesC1.2.8
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 12 Oct 2009
Event60th International Astronautical Congress - Daejeon, Korea
Duration: 12 Oct 200916 Oct 2009

Conference

Conference60th International Astronautical Congress
CityDaejeon, Korea
Period12/10/0916/10/09

Fingerprint

Propulsion
Orbits
Moon
Planets
Sun
Equations of motion
Spacecraft
Earth (planet)

Keywords

  • high ISP propulsion systems
  • natural orbit
  • non-Keplerian orbit
  • rotating frame
  • equithrust surface
  • solar sail

Cite this

McKay, R., Macdonald, M., Bosquillon de Frescheville, F., Vasile, M., McInnes, C., & Biggs, J. (2009). Non-Keplerian orbits using low thrust, high ISP propulsion systems. C1.2.8. Paper presented at 60th International Astronautical Congress, Daejeon, Korea, .
McKay, Robert ; Macdonald, Malcolm ; Bosquillon de Frescheville, Francois ; Vasile, Massimiliano ; McInnes, Colin ; Biggs, James. / Non-Keplerian orbits using low thrust, high ISP propulsion systems. Paper presented at 60th International Astronautical Congress, Daejeon, Korea, .15 p.
@conference{db37be0f4af14c92ba7ad0df9748d5d0,
title = "Non-Keplerian orbits using low thrust, high ISP propulsion systems",
abstract = "The technology of high ISP propulsion systems with long lifetime and low thrust is improving, and opens up numerous possibilities for future missions. The use of continuous thrust can be applied in all directions including prependicular to the flight direction to force the spacecraft out of a natural orbit (or A orbit) into a displaced orbit (a non-Keplerian or B orbit): such orbits could have a diverse range of potential applications. Using the equations of motion we generate a catalogue of these B orbits corresponding to displaced orbits about the Sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth, the Moon, Mars, Phobos and Deimos, the dwarf planet Ceres, and Saturn. For each system and a given thrust, contours both in and perpendicular to the plane of the ecliptic are produced in the rotating frame, in addition to an equithrust surface. Together these illustrate the possible domain of B orbits for low thrust values between 0 and 300mN. Further, the required thrust vector orientation for the B orbit is obtained and illustrated. The sub-category of solar sail enabled missions is also considered. Such a catalogue of B orbits enables an efficient method of indentifying regions of possible displaced orbits for potential use in future missions.",
keywords = "high ISP propulsion systems, natural orbit, non-Keplerian orbit, rotating frame, equithrust surface, solar sail",
author = "Robert McKay and Malcolm Macdonald and {Bosquillon de Frescheville}, Francois and Massimiliano Vasile and Colin McInnes and James Biggs",
year = "2009",
month = "10",
day = "12",
language = "English",
pages = "C1.2.8",
note = "60th International Astronautical Congress ; Conference date: 12-10-2009 Through 16-10-2009",

}

McKay, R, Macdonald, M, Bosquillon de Frescheville, F, Vasile, M, McInnes, C & Biggs, J 2009, 'Non-Keplerian orbits using low thrust, high ISP propulsion systems' Paper presented at 60th International Astronautical Congress, Daejeon, Korea, 12/10/09 - 16/10/09, pp. C1.2.8.

Non-Keplerian orbits using low thrust, high ISP propulsion systems. / McKay, Robert ; Macdonald, Malcolm; Bosquillon de Frescheville, Francois; Vasile, Massimiliano; McInnes, Colin ; Biggs, James.

2009. C1.2.8 Paper presented at 60th International Astronautical Congress, Daejeon, Korea, .

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Non-Keplerian orbits using low thrust, high ISP propulsion systems

AU - McKay, Robert

AU - Macdonald, Malcolm

AU - Bosquillon de Frescheville, Francois

AU - Vasile, Massimiliano

AU - McInnes, Colin

AU - Biggs, James

PY - 2009/10/12

Y1 - 2009/10/12

N2 - The technology of high ISP propulsion systems with long lifetime and low thrust is improving, and opens up numerous possibilities for future missions. The use of continuous thrust can be applied in all directions including prependicular to the flight direction to force the spacecraft out of a natural orbit (or A orbit) into a displaced orbit (a non-Keplerian or B orbit): such orbits could have a diverse range of potential applications. Using the equations of motion we generate a catalogue of these B orbits corresponding to displaced orbits about the Sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth, the Moon, Mars, Phobos and Deimos, the dwarf planet Ceres, and Saturn. For each system and a given thrust, contours both in and perpendicular to the plane of the ecliptic are produced in the rotating frame, in addition to an equithrust surface. Together these illustrate the possible domain of B orbits for low thrust values between 0 and 300mN. Further, the required thrust vector orientation for the B orbit is obtained and illustrated. The sub-category of solar sail enabled missions is also considered. Such a catalogue of B orbits enables an efficient method of indentifying regions of possible displaced orbits for potential use in future missions.

AB - The technology of high ISP propulsion systems with long lifetime and low thrust is improving, and opens up numerous possibilities for future missions. The use of continuous thrust can be applied in all directions including prependicular to the flight direction to force the spacecraft out of a natural orbit (or A orbit) into a displaced orbit (a non-Keplerian or B orbit): such orbits could have a diverse range of potential applications. Using the equations of motion we generate a catalogue of these B orbits corresponding to displaced orbits about the Sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth, the Moon, Mars, Phobos and Deimos, the dwarf planet Ceres, and Saturn. For each system and a given thrust, contours both in and perpendicular to the plane of the ecliptic are produced in the rotating frame, in addition to an equithrust surface. Together these illustrate the possible domain of B orbits for low thrust values between 0 and 300mN. Further, the required thrust vector orientation for the B orbit is obtained and illustrated. The sub-category of solar sail enabled missions is also considered. Such a catalogue of B orbits enables an efficient method of indentifying regions of possible displaced orbits for potential use in future missions.

KW - high ISP propulsion systems

KW - natural orbit

KW - non-Keplerian orbit

KW - rotating frame

KW - equithrust surface

KW - solar sail

UR - http://www.iac2009.kr/iac/INTERNATIONAL/main.jsp

M3 - Paper

SP - C1.2.8

ER -

McKay R, Macdonald M, Bosquillon de Frescheville F, Vasile M, McInnes C, Biggs J. Non-Keplerian orbits using low thrust, high ISP propulsion systems. 2009. Paper presented at 60th International Astronautical Congress, Daejeon, Korea, .