Non-contact measurement of the mechanical properties of materials using an all optical technique

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Abstract

Describes an optically-based measurement mechanism which realizes a totally noncontact assessment of the most important mechanical properties of structural materials - namely effective stiffness and Poisson ratio. These parameters are sensitive indicators of material integrity. The technique uses laser generated broadband ultrasound as a probe and interferometric optical detection as the detector again exploiting the broadband capability of optics in both space and time. Both detection and excitation systems are most conveniently realized in practical systems through optical fiber linkages. Observing the coupled waveforms between source and detector as a function of source: detector separation after a space : time Fourier transform yields a set of dispersion curves for the ultrasonic (typically Lamb wave) transfer function of the sample. This, in turn, can be inverted using curve fitting routines to obtain effective values of modulus and stiffness. An initial assessment of this inversion process is presented and demonstrates that the effective modulus can be extracted with a confidence level of better than a few percent with slightly larger errors in the Poisson ratio.
LanguageEnglish
Pages62-70
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Fingerprint

Poisson ratio
mechanical properties
Detectors
Mechanical properties
Light sources
stiffness
detectors
Stiffness
broadband
Lamb waves
Ultrasonic waves
curve fitting
Curve fitting
Wave functions
linkages
transfer functions
Surface waves
integrity
Transfer functions
Optical fibers

Keywords

  • Michelson interferometers
  • Poisson ratio
  • elastic constants
  • fibre optic sensors
  • surface acoustic waves
  • ultrasonic materials testing

Cite this

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title = "Non-contact measurement of the mechanical properties of materials using an all optical technique",
abstract = "Describes an optically-based measurement mechanism which realizes a totally noncontact assessment of the most important mechanical properties of structural materials - namely effective stiffness and Poisson ratio. These parameters are sensitive indicators of material integrity. The technique uses laser generated broadband ultrasound as a probe and interferometric optical detection as the detector again exploiting the broadband capability of optics in both space and time. Both detection and excitation systems are most conveniently realized in practical systems through optical fiber linkages. Observing the coupled waveforms between source and detector as a function of source: detector separation after a space : time Fourier transform yields a set of dispersion curves for the ultrasonic (typically Lamb wave) transfer function of the sample. This, in turn, can be inverted using curve fitting routines to obtain effective values of modulus and stiffness. An initial assessment of this inversion process is presented and demonstrates that the effective modulus can be extracted with a confidence level of better than a few percent with slightly larger errors in the Poisson ratio.",
keywords = "Michelson interferometers , Poisson ratio, elastic constants , fibre optic sensors , surface acoustic waves , ultrasonic materials testing",
author = "B. Culshaw and S.G. Pierce and J. Pan",
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AB - Describes an optically-based measurement mechanism which realizes a totally noncontact assessment of the most important mechanical properties of structural materials - namely effective stiffness and Poisson ratio. These parameters are sensitive indicators of material integrity. The technique uses laser generated broadband ultrasound as a probe and interferometric optical detection as the detector again exploiting the broadband capability of optics in both space and time. Both detection and excitation systems are most conveniently realized in practical systems through optical fiber linkages. Observing the coupled waveforms between source and detector as a function of source: detector separation after a space : time Fourier transform yields a set of dispersion curves for the ultrasonic (typically Lamb wave) transfer function of the sample. This, in turn, can be inverted using curve fitting routines to obtain effective values of modulus and stiffness. An initial assessment of this inversion process is presented and demonstrates that the effective modulus can be extracted with a confidence level of better than a few percent with slightly larger errors in the Poisson ratio.

KW - Michelson interferometers

KW - Poisson ratio

KW - elastic constants

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KW - surface acoustic waves

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