Noise-induced synchronization, desynchronization, and clustering in globally coupled nonidentical oscillators

Yi Ming Lai, Mason Porter

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Abstract

We study ensembles of globally coupled, nonidentical phase oscillators subject to correlated noise, and we identify several important factors that cause noise and coupling to synchronize or desynchronize a system. By
introducing noise in various ways, we find an estimate for the onset of synchrony of a system in terms of the coupling strength, noise strength, and width of the frequency distribution of its natural oscillations. We also
demonstrate that noise alone can be sufficient to synchronize nonidentical oscillators. However, this synchrony depends on the first Fourier mode of a phase-sensitivity function, through which we introduce common noise
into the system. We show that higher Fourier modes can cause desynchronization due to clustering effects, and that this can reinforce clustering caused by different forms of coupling. Finally, we discuss the effects of noise on an ensemble in which antiferromagnetic coupling causes oscillators to form two clusters in the absence of noise.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review E
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jul 2013

Keywords

  • noise-induced synchronization
  • desynchronization
  • nonidentical oscillators
  • clustering
  • globally coupled

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