Neutrino plasma coupling in dense astrophysical plasmas

R Bingham, L O Silva, J T Mendonça, P K Shukla, W B Mori, A Serbeto

Research output: Contribution to journalConference Contributionpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is considerable interest in the propagation dynamics of intense neutrino beams in a background dispersive medium such as dense plasmas, particularly in the search for a mechanism to explain the dynamics of type II supernovae. Neutrino interactions with matter are usually considered as single particle interactions. All the single particle mechanisms describing the dynamical properties of neutrinos in matter are analogous with the processes involving single electron interactions with a medium such as Compton scattering, Cerenkov radiation, etc. However, it is well known that beams of electrons moving through a plasma give rise to a new class of processes known as collective interactions, such as two stream instabilities, which result in either the absorption or generation of plasma waves. Employing the relativistic kinetic equations for neutrinos interacting with dense plasmas via the weak force, we explore collective plasma streaming instabilities driven by neutrino beams. We examine the anomalous transfer between neutrinos and dense plasma via excitation of electron plasma waves. The nonlinear coupling between an intense neutrino beam and a plasma reveals the presence of two regimes, a hydrodynamic regime and a kinetic regime. The latter is responsible for Landau damping or growth of electron plasma waves. In dense fusion stellar plasmas neutrino Landau damping can play a significant role as an additional stellar plasma cooling process. Another interesting result is an asymmetry in the momentum balance imported by the neutrinos to the core of the exploding star due to symmetry breaking by the collapsed star's magnetic fields. This results in a directed velocity of the resulting neutron star or pulsar, explaining the so called 'birth' velocity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)B327-B334
Number of pages8
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Volume46
Issue number12B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004
Event31st European Physical Society Conference on Plasma Physics - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 28 Jun 20042 Jul 2004

Keywords

  • astrophysical plasmas
  • compton scattering
  • neutrino plasma coupling
  • stars
  • electron beams
  • electron scattering
  • equations of motion
  • integral equations
  • kinetic theory
  • magnetic fields
  • nonlinear control systems
  • plasma waves
  • velocity measurement

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