Neurodevelopmental problems in maltreated children referred with indiscriminate friendliness

Eva Kočovská, Christine Puckering, Michael Follan, Maureen Smillie, Charlotta Gorski, James Barnes, Philip Wilson, David Young, Emma Lidstone, Rachel Pritchett, Harriet Hockaday, Helen Minnis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We aimed to explore the extent of neurodevelopmental difficulties in severely maltreated adopted children. We recruited 34 adopted children, referred with symptoms of indiscriminate friendliness and a history of severe maltreatment in their early childhood and 32 typically developing comparison children without such a history, living in biological families. All 66 children, aged 5-12 years, underwent a detailed neuropsychiatric assessment. The overwhelming majority of the adopted/indiscriminately friendly group had a range of psychiatric diagnoses, including Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and one third exhibited the disorganised pattern of attachment. The mean IQ was 15 points lower than the comparison group and the majority of the adopted group had suspected language disorder and/or delay. Our findings show that school-aged adopted children with a history of severe maltreatment can have very complex and sometimes disabling neuropsychiatric problems.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1560-1565
Number of pages6
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume33
Issue number5
Early online date21 Apr 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Fingerprint

Reactive Attachment Disorder
Language Development Disorders
Language Disorders
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Mental Disorders
History

Keywords

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • child maltreatment
  • child psychiatry
  • neurodevelopment
  • reactive attachment disorder

Cite this

Kočovská, E., Puckering, C., Follan, M., Smillie, M., Gorski, C., Barnes, J., ... Minnis, H. (2012). Neurodevelopmental problems in maltreated children referred with indiscriminate friendliness. Research in Developmental Disabilities , 33(5), 1560-1565. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2012.02.016
Kočovská, Eva ; Puckering, Christine ; Follan, Michael ; Smillie, Maureen ; Gorski, Charlotta ; Barnes, James ; Wilson, Philip ; Young, David ; Lidstone, Emma ; Pritchett, Rachel ; Hockaday, Harriet ; Minnis, Helen. / Neurodevelopmental problems in maltreated children referred with indiscriminate friendliness. In: Research in Developmental Disabilities . 2012 ; Vol. 33, No. 5. pp. 1560-1565.
@article{635f2e2833e549acb7199a6afcc5b284,
title = "Neurodevelopmental problems in maltreated children referred with indiscriminate friendliness",
abstract = "We aimed to explore the extent of neurodevelopmental difficulties in severely maltreated adopted children. We recruited 34 adopted children, referred with symptoms of indiscriminate friendliness and a history of severe maltreatment in their early childhood and 32 typically developing comparison children without such a history, living in biological families. All 66 children, aged 5-12 years, underwent a detailed neuropsychiatric assessment. The overwhelming majority of the adopted/indiscriminately friendly group had a range of psychiatric diagnoses, including Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and one third exhibited the disorganised pattern of attachment. The mean IQ was 15 points lower than the comparison group and the majority of the adopted group had suspected language disorder and/or delay. Our findings show that school-aged adopted children with a history of severe maltreatment can have very complex and sometimes disabling neuropsychiatric problems.",
keywords = "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) , child maltreatment, child psychiatry, neurodevelopment, reactive attachment disorder",
author = "Eva Kočovsk{\'a} and Christine Puckering and Michael Follan and Maureen Smillie and Charlotta Gorski and James Barnes and Philip Wilson and David Young and Emma Lidstone and Rachel Pritchett and Harriet Hockaday and Helen Minnis",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2012",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.ridd.2012.02.016",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "1560--1565",
journal = "Research in Developmental Disabilities",
issn = "0891-4222",
number = "5",

}

Kočovská, E, Puckering, C, Follan, M, Smillie, M, Gorski, C, Barnes, J, Wilson, P, Young, D, Lidstone, E, Pritchett, R, Hockaday, H & Minnis, H 2012, 'Neurodevelopmental problems in maltreated children referred with indiscriminate friendliness' Research in Developmental Disabilities , vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 1560-1565. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2012.02.016

Neurodevelopmental problems in maltreated children referred with indiscriminate friendliness. / Kočovská, Eva; Puckering, Christine; Follan, Michael; Smillie, Maureen; Gorski, Charlotta; Barnes, James; Wilson, Philip; Young, David; Lidstone, Emma; Pritchett, Rachel; Hockaday, Harriet; Minnis, Helen.

In: Research in Developmental Disabilities , Vol. 33, No. 5, 10.2012, p. 1560-1565.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neurodevelopmental problems in maltreated children referred with indiscriminate friendliness

AU - Kočovská, Eva

AU - Puckering, Christine

AU - Follan, Michael

AU - Smillie, Maureen

AU - Gorski, Charlotta

AU - Barnes, James

AU - Wilson, Philip

AU - Young, David

AU - Lidstone, Emma

AU - Pritchett, Rachel

AU - Hockaday, Harriet

AU - Minnis, Helen

N1 - Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2012/10

Y1 - 2012/10

N2 - We aimed to explore the extent of neurodevelopmental difficulties in severely maltreated adopted children. We recruited 34 adopted children, referred with symptoms of indiscriminate friendliness and a history of severe maltreatment in their early childhood and 32 typically developing comparison children without such a history, living in biological families. All 66 children, aged 5-12 years, underwent a detailed neuropsychiatric assessment. The overwhelming majority of the adopted/indiscriminately friendly group had a range of psychiatric diagnoses, including Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and one third exhibited the disorganised pattern of attachment. The mean IQ was 15 points lower than the comparison group and the majority of the adopted group had suspected language disorder and/or delay. Our findings show that school-aged adopted children with a history of severe maltreatment can have very complex and sometimes disabling neuropsychiatric problems.

AB - We aimed to explore the extent of neurodevelopmental difficulties in severely maltreated adopted children. We recruited 34 adopted children, referred with symptoms of indiscriminate friendliness and a history of severe maltreatment in their early childhood and 32 typically developing comparison children without such a history, living in biological families. All 66 children, aged 5-12 years, underwent a detailed neuropsychiatric assessment. The overwhelming majority of the adopted/indiscriminately friendly group had a range of psychiatric diagnoses, including Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and one third exhibited the disorganised pattern of attachment. The mean IQ was 15 points lower than the comparison group and the majority of the adopted group had suspected language disorder and/or delay. Our findings show that school-aged adopted children with a history of severe maltreatment can have very complex and sometimes disabling neuropsychiatric problems.

KW - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

KW - child maltreatment

KW - child psychiatry

KW - neurodevelopment

KW - reactive attachment disorder

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84859903496&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ridd.2012.02.016

DO - 10.1016/j.ridd.2012.02.016

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 1560

EP - 1565

JO - Research in Developmental Disabilities

T2 - Research in Developmental Disabilities

JF - Research in Developmental Disabilities

SN - 0891-4222

IS - 5

ER -