Near-Earth asteroid resource accessibility and future capture mission opportunities

Joan-Pau Sanchez Cuartielles, Daniel Garcia Yarnoz, Colin McInnes

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

In-Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) has always been suggested for ambitious space endeavours; and asteroids and comets in particular are generally agreed to be ideal sources, both in terms of its accessibility and wealth. The future utilisation of asteroid resources is here revisited by, firstly, providing an estimate of the total amount of accessible resources in the Earth’s neighbourhood and, secondly, by envisaging a series of missions in order to retrieve resources from the most accessible objects known today. An analytical multi-impulsive transfer model is proposed in order to define the region in Keplerian space from which resources are accessible, and mapped subsequently into a near-Earth asteroid model, to understand the availability of material. This estimate shows a substantial amount of resources can be accessible at relatively low energy-cost; on the order of 1014 kg of material could potentially be accessed at an energy cost lower than that required to access the resources in the Moon. Most of this material is currently undiscovered, but the current surveyed population of near-Earth asteroid provides a good starting point for a search for future capture opportunities. The possibility of capturing, i.e., placing the asteroid into an orbit in permanent close proximity to Earth, a small-size NEO or a segment from a larger object would be of great scientific and technological interest in the coming decades. A systematic search of capture candidates among catalogued NEOs is presented, which targets the L2 region as the destination for the captured material. A robust methodology for systematic pruning of candidates and optimisation of capture trajectories through the stable manifold of planar Lyapunov orbits around L2 has been implemented and tested. Five possible candidates for affordable asteroid retrieval missions have been identified among known NEOs, and the transfers to the L2 region calculated. These transfers enable the capture of bodies with 2-8 meters diameter with modest propellant requirements. Because of the optimal departure dates, two of them have been identified as attractive targets for capture missions in the 2020-2030 time frame.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2012
EventGlobal Space Exploration Conference - Washington DC, United States
Duration: 22 May 201224 May 2012

Conference

ConferenceGlobal Space Exploration Conference
CountryUnited States
CityWashington DC
Period22/05/1224/05/12

Fingerprint

Asteroids
asteroid
accessibility
Earth (planet)
resource
Orbits
pruning
Moon
Propellants
cost
comet
energy
Costs
trajectory
Trajectories
Availability
methodology
material

Keywords

  • near-Earth asteroids
  • asteroid resources
  • asteroid capture
  • mission applications

Cite this

Sanchez Cuartielles, J-P., Garcia Yarnoz, D., & McInnes, C. (2012). Near-Earth asteroid resource accessibility and future capture mission opportunities. Paper presented at Global Space Exploration Conference, Washington DC, United States.
Sanchez Cuartielles, Joan-Pau ; Garcia Yarnoz, Daniel ; McInnes, Colin. / Near-Earth asteroid resource accessibility and future capture mission opportunities. Paper presented at Global Space Exploration Conference, Washington DC, United States.15 p.
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Sanchez Cuartielles, J-P, Garcia Yarnoz, D & McInnes, C 2012, 'Near-Earth asteroid resource accessibility and future capture mission opportunities' Paper presented at Global Space Exploration Conference, Washington DC, United States, 22/05/12 - 24/05/12, .

Near-Earth asteroid resource accessibility and future capture mission opportunities. / Sanchez Cuartielles, Joan-Pau; Garcia Yarnoz, Daniel; McInnes, Colin.

2012. Paper presented at Global Space Exploration Conference, Washington DC, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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T1 - Near-Earth asteroid resource accessibility and future capture mission opportunities

AU - Sanchez Cuartielles, Joan-Pau

AU - Garcia Yarnoz, Daniel

AU - McInnes, Colin

PY - 2012/5/22

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N2 - In-Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) has always been suggested for ambitious space endeavours; and asteroids and comets in particular are generally agreed to be ideal sources, both in terms of its accessibility and wealth. The future utilisation of asteroid resources is here revisited by, firstly, providing an estimate of the total amount of accessible resources in the Earth’s neighbourhood and, secondly, by envisaging a series of missions in order to retrieve resources from the most accessible objects known today. An analytical multi-impulsive transfer model is proposed in order to define the region in Keplerian space from which resources are accessible, and mapped subsequently into a near-Earth asteroid model, to understand the availability of material. This estimate shows a substantial amount of resources can be accessible at relatively low energy-cost; on the order of 1014 kg of material could potentially be accessed at an energy cost lower than that required to access the resources in the Moon. Most of this material is currently undiscovered, but the current surveyed population of near-Earth asteroid provides a good starting point for a search for future capture opportunities. The possibility of capturing, i.e., placing the asteroid into an orbit in permanent close proximity to Earth, a small-size NEO or a segment from a larger object would be of great scientific and technological interest in the coming decades. A systematic search of capture candidates among catalogued NEOs is presented, which targets the L2 region as the destination for the captured material. A robust methodology for systematic pruning of candidates and optimisation of capture trajectories through the stable manifold of planar Lyapunov orbits around L2 has been implemented and tested. Five possible candidates for affordable asteroid retrieval missions have been identified among known NEOs, and the transfers to the L2 region calculated. These transfers enable the capture of bodies with 2-8 meters diameter with modest propellant requirements. Because of the optimal departure dates, two of them have been identified as attractive targets for capture missions in the 2020-2030 time frame.

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KW - near-Earth asteroids

KW - asteroid resources

KW - asteroid capture

KW - mission applications

UR - http://glex2012.org/

M3 - Paper

ER -

Sanchez Cuartielles J-P, Garcia Yarnoz D, McInnes C. Near-Earth asteroid resource accessibility and future capture mission opportunities. 2012. Paper presented at Global Space Exploration Conference, Washington DC, United States.