Naupliar development times and survival of the copepods Calanus helgolandicus and Calanus finmarchicus in relation to food and temperature

Katherine Cook, Adrian Bunker, Stephen Hay, Andrew Hirst, Douglas Speirs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We measured egg hatching times and stage specific naupliar development times of the key calanoid copepods Calanus helgolandicus and C. finmarchicus in response to temperature, food quantity and food type. Calanus helgolandicus development times decreased with increasing temperature and when fed Isochrysis galbana (4.4 μm ESD) rather than Prorocentrum micans (29.5 μm ESD). Nauplii needed higher food carbon concentration to develop past the first feeding stage (N3) when fed I. galbana compared with P. micans. At low food carbon concentrations nauplii developed more slowly past N3 than at more saturated levels. The survival of nauplii fed P. micans increased with temperature, but starved nauplii survival decreased at higher temperatures. We parameterized a temperature-dependent model of development for both species which fitted the observed stage durations under non-limiting food extremely well and demonstrated that C. finmarchicus develops faster than C. helgolandicus. Further data are needed to clarify the effect of food-temperature interactions on development rates.
LanguageEnglish
Pages757-767
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Plankton Research
Volume29
Issue number9
Early online date21 Jun 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007

Fingerprint

Calanus finmarchicus
Calanus
Copepoda
nauplii
food
Isochrysis galbana
temperature
Prorocentrum
carbon
hatching
egg
duration

Keywords

  • plankton research
  • egg hatching
  • fish
  • mathematical statisics

Cite this

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title = "Naupliar development times and survival of the copepods Calanus helgolandicus and Calanus finmarchicus in relation to food and temperature",
abstract = "We measured egg hatching times and stage specific naupliar development times of the key calanoid copepods Calanus helgolandicus and C. finmarchicus in response to temperature, food quantity and food type. Calanus helgolandicus development times decreased with increasing temperature and when fed Isochrysis galbana (4.4 μm ESD) rather than Prorocentrum micans (29.5 μm ESD). Nauplii needed higher food carbon concentration to develop past the first feeding stage (N3) when fed I. galbana compared with P. micans. At low food carbon concentrations nauplii developed more slowly past N3 than at more saturated levels. The survival of nauplii fed P. micans increased with temperature, but starved nauplii survival decreased at higher temperatures. We parameterized a temperature-dependent model of development for both species which fitted the observed stage durations under non-limiting food extremely well and demonstrated that C. finmarchicus develops faster than C. helgolandicus. Further data are needed to clarify the effect of food-temperature interactions on development rates.",
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Naupliar development times and survival of the copepods Calanus helgolandicus and Calanus finmarchicus in relation to food and temperature. / Cook, Katherine; Bunker, Adrian; Hay, Stephen; Hirst, Andrew; Speirs, Douglas.

In: Journal of Plankton Research, Vol. 29, No. 9, 09.2007, p. 757-767.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Speirs, Douglas

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AB - We measured egg hatching times and stage specific naupliar development times of the key calanoid copepods Calanus helgolandicus and C. finmarchicus in response to temperature, food quantity and food type. Calanus helgolandicus development times decreased with increasing temperature and when fed Isochrysis galbana (4.4 μm ESD) rather than Prorocentrum micans (29.5 μm ESD). Nauplii needed higher food carbon concentration to develop past the first feeding stage (N3) when fed I. galbana compared with P. micans. At low food carbon concentrations nauplii developed more slowly past N3 than at more saturated levels. The survival of nauplii fed P. micans increased with temperature, but starved nauplii survival decreased at higher temperatures. We parameterized a temperature-dependent model of development for both species which fitted the observed stage durations under non-limiting food extremely well and demonstrated that C. finmarchicus develops faster than C. helgolandicus. Further data are needed to clarify the effect of food-temperature interactions on development rates.

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