Nanoscale definition of substrate materials to direct human adult stem cells towards tissue specific populations

Judith M. Curran, Rui Chen, Robert Stokes, Eleanor Irvine, Duncan Graham, Earl Gubbins, Deany Delaney, Nabil Amro, Raymond Sanedrin, Haris Jamil, John A. Hunt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of homogenously nano-patterned chemically modified surfaces that can be used to initiate a cellular response, particularly stem cell differentiation, in a highly controlled manner without the need for exogenous biological factors has never been reported, due to that fact that precisely defined and reproducible systems have not been available that can be used to study cell/material interactions and unlock the potential of a material driven cell response. Until now material driven stem cell (furthermore any cell) responses have been variable due to the limitations in definition and reproducibility of the underlying substrate and the lack of true homogeneity of modifications that can dictate a cellular response at a sub-micron level that can effectively control initial cell interactions of all cells that contact the surface. Here we report the successful design and use of homogenously molecularly nanopatterned surfaces to control initial stem cell adhesion and hence function. The highly specified nano-patterned arrays were compared directly to silane modified bulk coated substrates that have previously been proven to initiate mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) differentiation in a heterogenous manner, the aim of this study was to prove the efficiency of these previously observed cell responses could be enhanced by the incorporation of nano-patterns. Nano-patterned surfaces were prepared by Dip Pen Nanolithography(A (R)) (DPNA (R)) to produce arrays of 70 nm sized dots separated by defined spacings of 140, 280 and 1000 nm with terminal functionalities of carboxyl, amino, methyl and hydroxyl and used to control cell growth. These nanopatterned surfaces exhibited unprecedented control of initial cell interactions and will change the capabilities for stem cell definition in vitro and then cell based medical therapies. In addition to highlighting the ability of the materials to control stem cell functionality on an unprecedented scale this research also introduces the successful scale-up of DPNA (R) and the novel chemistries and systems to facilitate the production of homogeneously patterned substrates (5 mm(2)) that are applicable for use in in vitro cell conditions over prolonged periods for complete control of material driven cell responses.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1021-1029
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

Fingerprint

Adult Stem Cells
Stem cells
Tissue
Substrates
Stem Cells
Population
Nanolithography
Cell Communication
Silanes
Cell Differentiation
Cell adhesion
Biological Factors
Cell growth
Hydroxyl Radical
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Cell Adhesion
Growth
Research

Keywords

  • adhesion
  • fibronectin
  • nanoscale

Cite this

Curran, Judith M. ; Chen, Rui ; Stokes, Robert ; Irvine, Eleanor ; Graham, Duncan ; Gubbins, Earl ; Delaney, Deany ; Amro, Nabil ; Sanedrin, Raymond ; Jamil, Haris ; Hunt, John A. / Nanoscale definition of substrate materials to direct human adult stem cells towards tissue specific populations. In: Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine. 2010 ; Vol. 21, No. 3. pp. 1021-1029.
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Curran, JM, Chen, R, Stokes, R, Irvine, E, Graham, D, Gubbins, E, Delaney, D, Amro, N, Sanedrin, R, Jamil, H & Hunt, JA 2010, 'Nanoscale definition of substrate materials to direct human adult stem cells towards tissue specific populations' Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 1021-1029. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10856-009-3976-x

Nanoscale definition of substrate materials to direct human adult stem cells towards tissue specific populations. / Curran, Judith M.; Chen, Rui; Stokes, Robert; Irvine, Eleanor; Graham, Duncan; Gubbins, Earl; Delaney, Deany; Amro, Nabil; Sanedrin, Raymond; Jamil, Haris; Hunt, John A.

In: Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, Vol. 21, No. 3, 03.2010, p. 1021-1029.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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