Nanometric cutting: mechanisms, practices and future perspectives

Fengzhou Fang, Min Lai, Jinshi Wang, Xichun Luo, Jiwang Yand, Yongda Yane

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)


Nanometric cutting removes material at nanoscale and generates high-quality surfaces with a nanometric finish. In past decades, it has thrived as a mainstream manufacturing technology to produce critical components to advance scientific discovery and promote innovation in various fields, such as astronomy, aerospace, microelectronics, optics and photonics, biology and quantum technology. Therefore, it is timely to develop a review article capturing such developments and establishing directions for future advancement. This article systematically reviews the fundamental issues such as cutting models, material deformation mechanisms and tool wear mechanisms in nanometric cutting. It also presents the working principles of innovative ion implantation-assisted, laser-assisted and ultrasonic vibration-assisted nanometric cutting methods to overcome the challenges of machining difficult-to-cut materials. Practical techniques for the generation of high-quality complex or structured surfaces are also discussed. Finally, challenges and future perspectives of nanometric cutting, as well as the evolution towards atomic and close-to-atomic scale manufacturing, are outlined.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103905
Number of pages32
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
Early online date27 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2022


  • nanometric cutting
  • material removal
  • material deformation
  • machinability
  • atomic and close-to-atomic-scale manufacturing


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