Nanocrystalline sno2-based, uvb-activated, colourimetric oxygen indicator

A. Mills, D. Hazafy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanocrystalline SnO2, ncSnO2, is used as a photosensitiser in a colourimetric O2 indicator that comprises a sacrificial electron donor, glycerol, a redox dye, methylene blue (MB), and an encapsulating polymer, hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC). Upon exposure to a burst of UVB light the indicator is activated (photobleached) as the MB is photoreduced by the ncSnO2 particles. In the absence of oxygen, the film stays bleached, but recovers its original colour upon exposure to oxygen. Unlike its TiO2-based predecessor, the HEC/glycerol/MB/ncSnO2 O2 indicator is not activated by UVA light from white fluorescent lamps, but is by UVB light. This feature provides much greater control in the activation of the indicator. Other work shows the rate of activation depends upon I0.75, where I is the UVB irradiance, indicating a partial dependence upon the electron-hole recombination process. The half-life of the recovery of the original colour of a UV-activated film, t50, is directly proportional to the ambient level of oxygen. The advantages of using this indicator in modified atmosphere packaging as a possible quality assurance indicator are discussed briefly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-349
Number of pages5
JournalSensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Volume136
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2009

Fingerprint

Methylene Blue
Oxygen
Glycerol
Cellulose
methylene blue
oxygen
Modified atmosphere packaging
Chemical activation
Color
Fluorescent lamps
Photosensitizing Agents
Photosensitizers
Electrons
glycerols
Quality assurance
cellulose
Polymers
Coloring Agents
Dyes
activation

Keywords

  • oxygen
  • photocatalyst
  • tin(IV) oxide
  • indicator

Cite this

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abstract = "Nanocrystalline SnO2, ncSnO2, is used as a photosensitiser in a colourimetric O2 indicator that comprises a sacrificial electron donor, glycerol, a redox dye, methylene blue (MB), and an encapsulating polymer, hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC). Upon exposure to a burst of UVB light the indicator is activated (photobleached) as the MB is photoreduced by the ncSnO2 particles. In the absence of oxygen, the film stays bleached, but recovers its original colour upon exposure to oxygen. Unlike its TiO2-based predecessor, the HEC/glycerol/MB/ncSnO2 O2 indicator is not activated by UVA light from white fluorescent lamps, but is by UVB light. This feature provides much greater control in the activation of the indicator. Other work shows the rate of activation depends upon I0.75, where I is the UVB irradiance, indicating a partial dependence upon the electron-hole recombination process. The half-life of the recovery of the original colour of a UV-activated film, t50, is directly proportional to the ambient level of oxygen. The advantages of using this indicator in modified atmosphere packaging as a possible quality assurance indicator are discussed briefly.",
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Nanocrystalline sno2-based, uvb-activated, colourimetric oxygen indicator. / Mills, A.; Hazafy, D.

In: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Vol. 136, No. 2, 02.03.2009, p. 344-349.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Nanocrystalline SnO2, ncSnO2, is used as a photosensitiser in a colourimetric O2 indicator that comprises a sacrificial electron donor, glycerol, a redox dye, methylene blue (MB), and an encapsulating polymer, hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC). Upon exposure to a burst of UVB light the indicator is activated (photobleached) as the MB is photoreduced by the ncSnO2 particles. In the absence of oxygen, the film stays bleached, but recovers its original colour upon exposure to oxygen. Unlike its TiO2-based predecessor, the HEC/glycerol/MB/ncSnO2 O2 indicator is not activated by UVA light from white fluorescent lamps, but is by UVB light. This feature provides much greater control in the activation of the indicator. Other work shows the rate of activation depends upon I0.75, where I is the UVB irradiance, indicating a partial dependence upon the electron-hole recombination process. The half-life of the recovery of the original colour of a UV-activated film, t50, is directly proportional to the ambient level of oxygen. The advantages of using this indicator in modified atmosphere packaging as a possible quality assurance indicator are discussed briefly.

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