Mutual interactions between brain states and Alzheimer's disease pathology: a focus on gamma and slow oscillations

Nicole Byron, Anna Semenova, Shuzo Sakata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
29 Downloads (Pure)


Brain state varies from moment to moment. While brain state can be defined by ongoing neuronal population activity, such as neuronal oscillations, this is tightly coupled with certain behavioural or vigilant states. In recent decades, abnormalities in brain state have been recognised as biomarkers of various brain diseases and disorders. Intriguingly, accumulating evidence also demonstrates mutual interactions between brain states and disease pathologies: while abnormalities in brain state arise during disease progression, manipulations of brain state can modify disease pathology, suggesting a therapeutic potential. In this review, by focusing on Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, we provide an overview of how brain states change in AD patients and mouse models, and how controlling brain states can modify AD pathology. Specifically, we summarise the relationship between AD and changes in gamma and slow oscillations. As pathological changes in these oscillations correlate with AD pathology, manipulations of either gamma or slow oscillations can modify AD pathology in mouse models. We argue that neuromodulation approaches to target brain states are a promising non-pharmacological intervention for neurodegenerative diseases.
Original languageEnglish
Article number707
Number of pages24
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jul 2021


  • dementia
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • neuromodulation
  • neural oscillations
  • optogenetics


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