Multitrait-multimethod investigation of a novel body image measurement technique

D.A. Rowe, Suzanne M. McDonald, Matthew T. Mahar, Thomas D. Raedeke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) matrix was used to evaluate validity evidence for a digital image manipulation (DIM) body image measurement technique in young women. One hundred one young women completed the DIM procedure and the Thompson and Gray (1995) Contour Drawing Rating Scale to measure self-ideal discrepancy and size perception accuracy components of body image. Seven-day test-retest reliability was acceptable (R = .81-.95). Convergent validity for self-ideal discrepancy was higher (r = .74) than the corresponding heterotrait, monomethod coefficients (r = .46, r = .23) and heterotrait-heteromethod coefficients (r = .18, r = .12). However, the convergent validity coefficient for size perception accuracy was r = .12. The pattern of correlations in the MTMM matrix met the criteria of Campbell and Fiske (1959) for validity of these procedures to measure self-ideal discrepancy but not size perception accuracy. The DIM procedure addresses some of the criticisms associated with figure-rating scales, such as unrepresentativeness of the figures, scale coarseness, and restriction of range in responses. DIM, therefore, represents a realistic, valid alternative to figure-rating scales for measuring self-ideal discrepancy
LanguageEnglish
Pages407-415
Number of pages9
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Volume76
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

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Size Perception
Body Image
Reproducibility of Results

Keywords

  • digital image manipulation
  • body image
  • young women
  • size perception

Cite this

Rowe, D. A., McDonald, S. M., Mahar, M. T., & Raedeke, T. D. (2005). Multitrait-multimethod investigation of a novel body image measurement technique. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 76(4), 407-415.
Rowe, D.A. ; McDonald, Suzanne M. ; Mahar, Matthew T. ; Raedeke, Thomas D. / Multitrait-multimethod investigation of a novel body image measurement technique. In: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 2005 ; Vol. 76, No. 4. pp. 407-415.
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Rowe, DA, McDonald, SM, Mahar, MT & Raedeke, TD 2005, 'Multitrait-multimethod investigation of a novel body image measurement technique' Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 407-415.

Multitrait-multimethod investigation of a novel body image measurement technique. / Rowe, D.A.; McDonald, Suzanne M.; Mahar, Matthew T.; Raedeke, Thomas D.

In: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, Vol. 76, No. 4, 12.2005, p. 407-415.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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