This review article is a consolidated but not exhaustive account of recent modelling and numerical work on nematic-filled square or cuboid shaped wells with planar degenerate boundary conditions. This seemingly simple geometry can be modelled with a simplistic Oseen–Frank approach or a more sophisticated two-dimensional and three-dimensional Landau–de Gennes approach. We discuss these approaches, reconcile the findings and in doing so, elucidate the complex interplay between material properties, temperature, geometry and boundary conditions in both equilibrium and non-equilibrium phenomena. We largely focus on static equilibria with some discussion on metastable or transient states of experimental relevance.
- multistable nematic wells
- Oseen–Frank approach
- Landau–de Gennes approach
- well order reconstruction solution