Multiscale 2D singular spectrum analysis and principal component analysis for spatial-spectral noise-robust feature extraction and classification of hyperspectral images

Ping Ma, Jinchang Ren, Huimin Zhao, Genyun Sun, Paul Murray, Jiangbin Zheng

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Abstract

In hyperspectral images (HSI), most feature extraction and data classification methods rely on corrected dataset, in which the noisy and water absorption bands are removed. This can result in not only extra working burden but also information loss from removed bands. To tackle these issues, in this paper, we propose a novel spatial-spectral feature extraction framework, Multiscale 2D singular spectrum analysis (2D-SSA) with principal component analysis (2D-MSSP), for noise-robust feature extraction and data classification of HSI. First, multiscale 2D-SSA is applied to exploit the multiscale spatial features in each spectral band of HSI via extracting the varying trends within defined windows. Taking the extracted trend signals at each scale level as the input features, the principal component analysis (PCA) is employed to the spectral domain for dimensionality reduction and spatial-spectral feature extraction. The derived spatial-spectral features in each scale are separately classified and then fused at decision-level for efficacy. As our 2D-MSSP method can extract features and simultaneously remove noise in both spatial and spectral domains, which ensures it to be noise-robust for classification of HSI, even the uncorrected dataset. Experiments on three publicly available datasets have fully validated the efficacy and robustness of the proposed approach, when benchmarked with ten state-of-the-art classifiers, including six spatial-spectral methods and four deep learning classifiers. In addition, both quantitative and qualitative assessment has validated the efficacy of our approach in noise-robust classification of HSI even with limited training samples, especially in classifying uncorrected data without filtering noisy bands.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1233-1245
Number of pages13
Journal IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
Volume14
Early online date25 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • hyperspectral image (HSI)
  • image classification
  • multiscale 2D-SSA
  • PCA
  • spatial-spectral feature extraction

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