Multiplexing low-coherence interferometer sensors: laboratory tests and design for integration within RC structures

Matteo Pozzi, Daniele Zonta, Huayong Wu, Daniele Inaudi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the advantages of fiber optics with respect to traditional electrical gauges is they can act both as sensors and as a pathway for signals produced by other sensors. This feature allows adoption of a simple sensor system architecture, even when arrays of many sensors are needed. In this paper, we present the development and laboratory validation of in-line multiplexing for the low-coherence interferometric SOFO standard deformation sensor. A standard SOFO, as developed, produced and commercialized by Smartec SA, employs total reflectors at the end of the measurement and the reference fibers, allowing measurement of the strain over a single field. In the solution presented, broadband Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs) are employed as partial reflectors to obtain in-line multiplexing. These FBGs, presenting a 5% reflectivity in their reflection spectra, are produced using a chirped phase mask. An experiment was carried out on a 3-field sensor, to investigate effectiveness, resolution and temperature sensitivity. Outcomes show clear fringe visibility for each pair of gratings and a resolution of about 2.5 μm RMS, of the same order as the single field sensor. Issues regarding the maximum number of measurement fields on a single line and deformation range limits are discussed.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProc. SPIE 6529, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2007
EditorsMasayoshi Tomizuka, Chung-Bang Yun, Victor Giurgiutiu
Number of pages12
Volume6529 PART 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2007
EventSensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2007 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 19 Mar 200722 Mar 2007

Conference

ConferenceSensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2007
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period19/03/0722/03/07

Fingerprint

multiplexing
Multiplexing
Interferometers
interferometers
sensors
Sensors
Fiber Bragg gratings
Bragg gratings
reflectors
fibers
visibility
Visibility
Fiber optics
Gages
Masks
fiber optics
masks
gratings
broadband
reflectance

Keywords

  • FBG
  • fiber optic sensors
  • in-line multiplexing
  • SOFO
  • temperature sensitivity
  • interferometers
  • Fiber Bragg gratings
  • fiber optics
  • reflectors

Cite this

Pozzi, M., Zonta, D., Wu, H., & Inaudi, D. (2007). Multiplexing low-coherence interferometer sensors: laboratory tests and design for integration within RC structures. In M. Tomizuka, C-B. Yun, & V. Giurgiutiu (Eds.), Proc. SPIE 6529, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2007 (Vol. 6529 PART 2). [65293I] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.718750
Pozzi, Matteo ; Zonta, Daniele ; Wu, Huayong ; Inaudi, Daniele. / Multiplexing low-coherence interferometer sensors : laboratory tests and design for integration within RC structures. Proc. SPIE 6529, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2007. editor / Masayoshi Tomizuka ; Chung-Bang Yun ; Victor Giurgiutiu. Vol. 6529 PART 2 2007.
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abstract = "One of the advantages of fiber optics with respect to traditional electrical gauges is they can act both as sensors and as a pathway for signals produced by other sensors. This feature allows adoption of a simple sensor system architecture, even when arrays of many sensors are needed. In this paper, we present the development and laboratory validation of in-line multiplexing for the low-coherence interferometric SOFO standard deformation sensor. A standard SOFO, as developed, produced and commercialized by Smartec SA, employs total reflectors at the end of the measurement and the reference fibers, allowing measurement of the strain over a single field. In the solution presented, broadband Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs) are employed as partial reflectors to obtain in-line multiplexing. These FBGs, presenting a 5{\%} reflectivity in their reflection spectra, are produced using a chirped phase mask. An experiment was carried out on a 3-field sensor, to investigate effectiveness, resolution and temperature sensitivity. Outcomes show clear fringe visibility for each pair of gratings and a resolution of about 2.5 μm RMS, of the same order as the single field sensor. Issues regarding the maximum number of measurement fields on a single line and deformation range limits are discussed.",
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Pozzi, M, Zonta, D, Wu, H & Inaudi, D 2007, Multiplexing low-coherence interferometer sensors: laboratory tests and design for integration within RC structures. in M Tomizuka, C-B Yun & V Giurgiutiu (eds), Proc. SPIE 6529, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2007. vol. 6529 PART 2, 65293I, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2007, San Diego, CA, United States, 19/03/07. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.718750

Multiplexing low-coherence interferometer sensors : laboratory tests and design for integration within RC structures. / Pozzi, Matteo; Zonta, Daniele; Wu, Huayong; Inaudi, Daniele.

Proc. SPIE 6529, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2007. ed. / Masayoshi Tomizuka; Chung-Bang Yun; Victor Giurgiutiu. Vol. 6529 PART 2 2007. 65293I.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

TY - GEN

T1 - Multiplexing low-coherence interferometer sensors

T2 - laboratory tests and design for integration within RC structures

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AU - Zonta, Daniele

AU - Wu, Huayong

AU - Inaudi, Daniele

PY - 2007/4/10

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N2 - One of the advantages of fiber optics with respect to traditional electrical gauges is they can act both as sensors and as a pathway for signals produced by other sensors. This feature allows adoption of a simple sensor system architecture, even when arrays of many sensors are needed. In this paper, we present the development and laboratory validation of in-line multiplexing for the low-coherence interferometric SOFO standard deformation sensor. A standard SOFO, as developed, produced and commercialized by Smartec SA, employs total reflectors at the end of the measurement and the reference fibers, allowing measurement of the strain over a single field. In the solution presented, broadband Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs) are employed as partial reflectors to obtain in-line multiplexing. These FBGs, presenting a 5% reflectivity in their reflection spectra, are produced using a chirped phase mask. An experiment was carried out on a 3-field sensor, to investigate effectiveness, resolution and temperature sensitivity. Outcomes show clear fringe visibility for each pair of gratings and a resolution of about 2.5 μm RMS, of the same order as the single field sensor. Issues regarding the maximum number of measurement fields on a single line and deformation range limits are discussed.

AB - One of the advantages of fiber optics with respect to traditional electrical gauges is they can act both as sensors and as a pathway for signals produced by other sensors. This feature allows adoption of a simple sensor system architecture, even when arrays of many sensors are needed. In this paper, we present the development and laboratory validation of in-line multiplexing for the low-coherence interferometric SOFO standard deformation sensor. A standard SOFO, as developed, produced and commercialized by Smartec SA, employs total reflectors at the end of the measurement and the reference fibers, allowing measurement of the strain over a single field. In the solution presented, broadband Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs) are employed as partial reflectors to obtain in-line multiplexing. These FBGs, presenting a 5% reflectivity in their reflection spectra, are produced using a chirped phase mask. An experiment was carried out on a 3-field sensor, to investigate effectiveness, resolution and temperature sensitivity. Outcomes show clear fringe visibility for each pair of gratings and a resolution of about 2.5 μm RMS, of the same order as the single field sensor. Issues regarding the maximum number of measurement fields on a single line and deformation range limits are discussed.

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KW - temperature sensitivity

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M3 - Conference contribution book

SN - 0819466506

SN - 9780819466501

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BT - Proc. SPIE 6529, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2007

A2 - Tomizuka, Masayoshi

A2 - Yun, Chung-Bang

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ER -

Pozzi M, Zonta D, Wu H, Inaudi D. Multiplexing low-coherence interferometer sensors: laboratory tests and design for integration within RC structures. In Tomizuka M, Yun C-B, Giurgiutiu V, editors, Proc. SPIE 6529, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2007. Vol. 6529 PART 2. 2007. 65293I https://doi.org/10.1117/12.718750