Multiple-spacecraft transfers to Sun-Earth distant retrograde orbits for asteroid detection missions

Camilla Colombo, Giorgio Mingotti, Franco Bernelli-Zazzara, Colin McInnes

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

As demonstrated by the meteorite fall in Chelyabinsk, Russia, in February 2013, also asteroids with a diameter smaller than 40 m can enter the Earth’s atmosphere and cause a local damage on ground. For such small Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHAs) a short warning would be sufficient to have a protection plan in place on ground. However, small asteroids are difficult to be detected from ground, especially if they approach the Earth from the Sun direction, such as the Chelyabinsk object. For this reason, a multi-spacecraft mission was proposed to monitor PHAs from a telescope base orbiting on Distant Retrograde Orbits of the Sun – Earth system. This space-based system would allow increasing the warning time of asteroids incoming from the Sun
direction. In this article a trade-off analysis is performed on the DRO and constellation size based on some measures of the detection capabilities. Moreover, the transfer to selected DROs from a Low Earth Orbit is designed to minimise the total Δv and time to build the constellation.
LanguageEnglish
PagesIAC-14-C.9.8
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sep 2014
Event65th International Astronautical Congress (IAC 2014) - Metro Toronto Convention Centre, Toronto, Canada
Duration: 29 Sep 20143 Oct 2014

Conference

Conference65th International Astronautical Congress (IAC 2014)
CountryCanada
CityToronto
Period29/09/143/10/14

Fingerprint

Asteroids
Sun
Spacecraft
Orbits
Earth (planet)
Meteorites
Earth atmosphere
Telescopes

Keywords

  • multiple-spacecraft
  • transfers
  • Sun-Earth orbits
  • asteroid detection missions

Cite this

Colombo, C., Mingotti, G., Bernelli-Zazzara, F., & McInnes, C. (2014). Multiple-spacecraft transfers to Sun-Earth distant retrograde orbits for asteroid detection missions. IAC-14-C.9.8. Paper presented at 65th International Astronautical Congress (IAC 2014), Toronto, Canada.
Colombo, Camilla ; Mingotti, Giorgio ; Bernelli-Zazzara, Franco ; McInnes, Colin. / Multiple-spacecraft transfers to Sun-Earth distant retrograde orbits for asteroid detection missions. Paper presented at 65th International Astronautical Congress (IAC 2014), Toronto, Canada.16 p.
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Colombo, C, Mingotti, G, Bernelli-Zazzara, F & McInnes, C 2014, 'Multiple-spacecraft transfers to Sun-Earth distant retrograde orbits for asteroid detection missions' Paper presented at 65th International Astronautical Congress (IAC 2014), Toronto, Canada, 29/09/14 - 3/10/14, pp. IAC-14-C.9.8.

Multiple-spacecraft transfers to Sun-Earth distant retrograde orbits for asteroid detection missions. / Colombo, Camilla; Mingotti, Giorgio; Bernelli-Zazzara, Franco; McInnes, Colin.

2014. IAC-14-C.9.8 Paper presented at 65th International Astronautical Congress (IAC 2014), Toronto, Canada.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AU - Bernelli-Zazzara, Franco

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AB - As demonstrated by the meteorite fall in Chelyabinsk, Russia, in February 2013, also asteroids with a diameter smaller than 40 m can enter the Earth’s atmosphere and cause a local damage on ground. For such small Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHAs) a short warning would be sufficient to have a protection plan in place on ground. However, small asteroids are difficult to be detected from ground, especially if they approach the Earth from the Sun direction, such as the Chelyabinsk object. For this reason, a multi-spacecraft mission was proposed to monitor PHAs from a telescope base orbiting on Distant Retrograde Orbits of the Sun – Earth system. This space-based system would allow increasing the warning time of asteroids incoming from the Sundirection. In this article a trade-off analysis is performed on the DRO and constellation size based on some measures of the detection capabilities. Moreover, the transfer to selected DROs from a Low Earth Orbit is designed to minimise the total Δv and time to build the constellation.

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Colombo C, Mingotti G, Bernelli-Zazzara F, McInnes C. Multiple-spacecraft transfers to Sun-Earth distant retrograde orbits for asteroid detection missions. 2014. Paper presented at 65th International Astronautical Congress (IAC 2014), Toronto, Canada.