Multi-output Q-switched solid-state laser using an intra-cavity MEMS micromirror array

Ralf R. Bauer, Walter W. Lubeigt, Caspar C. C.C. Clark, Euan J. E.J. McBrearty, Deepak G. D.G. Uttamchandani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Multiple individually-controllable Q-switched laser outputs from a single diode-pumped Nd:YAG module are presented by using an electrostatic MEMS scanning micromirror array as cavity end-mirror. The gold coated, 700 μm diameter and 25 μm thick, single-crystal silicon micromirrors possess resonant tilt frequencies of ~8 kHz with optical scan angles of up to 78°. Dual laser output resulting from the actuation of two neighboring mirrors was observed resulting in a combined average output power of 125 mW and pulse durations of 30 ns with resulting pulse energies of 7.9 μJ and 7.1 μJ. The output power was limited by thermal effects on the gold-coated mirror surface. Dielectric coatings with increased reflectivity and therefore lower thermal stresses are required to power-scale this technique. An initial SiO2/Nb2O5 test coating was applied to a multi-mirror array with individual optical scan angles of 14° at a resonant tilt frequency of 10.4 kHz. The use of this dielectric coated array inside a 3-mirror Nd:YAG laser cavity led to a single mirror output with average Q-switched output power of 750 mW and pulse durations of 295 ns resulting in pulse energies of 36 μJ.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Subtitle of host publicationSolid State Lasers XXII : Technology and Devices
Place of PublicationBellingham
Volume8599
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2013
EventLASE SPIE Photonics West. Solid State Lasers XXIII: Technology and Devices - , United Kingdom
Duration: 2 Feb 20144 Feb 2014

Publication series

NameSPIE Proceedings
PublisherSPIE
Volume8959

Conference

ConferenceLASE SPIE Photonics West. Solid State Lasers XXIII: Technology and Devices
CountryUnited Kingdom
Period2/02/144/02/14

Fingerprint

Solid state lasers
Q switched lasers
solid state lasers
microelectromechanical systems
MEMS
Mirrors
mirrors
cavities
output
laser outputs
Natural frequencies
Gold
pulse duration
Coatings
gold
Laser resonators
coatings
Thermal stress
Thermal effects
thermal stresses

Keywords

  • multi-output
  • Q-switched
  • solid-state laser
  • intra-cavity
  • MEMS
  • micromirror array

Cite this

Bauer, R. R., Lubeigt, W. W., Clark, C. C. C. C., McBrearty, E. J. E. J., & Uttamchandani, D. G. D. G. (2013). Multi-output Q-switched solid-state laser using an intra-cavity MEMS micromirror array. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Solid State Lasers XXII : Technology and Devices (Vol. 8599). [85990T] (SPIE Proceedings; Vol. 8959). Bellingham. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2003609
Bauer, Ralf R. ; Lubeigt, Walter W. ; Clark, Caspar C. C.C. ; McBrearty, Euan J. E.J. ; Uttamchandani, Deepak G. D.G. / Multi-output Q-switched solid-state laser using an intra-cavity MEMS micromirror array. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Solid State Lasers XXII : Technology and Devices. Vol. 8599 Bellingham, 2013. (SPIE Proceedings).
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abstract = "Multiple individually-controllable Q-switched laser outputs from a single diode-pumped Nd:YAG module are presented by using an electrostatic MEMS scanning micromirror array as cavity end-mirror. The gold coated, 700 μm diameter and 25 μm thick, single-crystal silicon micromirrors possess resonant tilt frequencies of ~8 kHz with optical scan angles of up to 78°. Dual laser output resulting from the actuation of two neighboring mirrors was observed resulting in a combined average output power of 125 mW and pulse durations of 30 ns with resulting pulse energies of 7.9 μJ and 7.1 μJ. The output power was limited by thermal effects on the gold-coated mirror surface. Dielectric coatings with increased reflectivity and therefore lower thermal stresses are required to power-scale this technique. An initial SiO2/Nb2O5 test coating was applied to a multi-mirror array with individual optical scan angles of 14° at a resonant tilt frequency of 10.4 kHz. The use of this dielectric coated array inside a 3-mirror Nd:YAG laser cavity led to a single mirror output with average Q-switched output power of 750 mW and pulse durations of 295 ns resulting in pulse energies of 36 μJ.",
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Bauer, RR, Lubeigt, WW, Clark, CCCC, McBrearty, EJEJ & Uttamchandani, DGDG 2013, Multi-output Q-switched solid-state laser using an intra-cavity MEMS micromirror array. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Solid State Lasers XXII : Technology and Devices. vol. 8599, 85990T, SPIE Proceedings, vol. 8959, Bellingham, LASE SPIE Photonics West. Solid State Lasers XXIII: Technology and Devices, United Kingdom, 2/02/14. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2003609

Multi-output Q-switched solid-state laser using an intra-cavity MEMS micromirror array. / Bauer, Ralf R.; Lubeigt, Walter W.; Clark, Caspar C. C.C.; McBrearty, Euan J. E.J.; Uttamchandani, Deepak G. D.G.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Solid State Lasers XXII : Technology and Devices. Vol. 8599 Bellingham, 2013. 85990T (SPIE Proceedings; Vol. 8959).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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AB - Multiple individually-controllable Q-switched laser outputs from a single diode-pumped Nd:YAG module are presented by using an electrostatic MEMS scanning micromirror array as cavity end-mirror. The gold coated, 700 μm diameter and 25 μm thick, single-crystal silicon micromirrors possess resonant tilt frequencies of ~8 kHz with optical scan angles of up to 78°. Dual laser output resulting from the actuation of two neighboring mirrors was observed resulting in a combined average output power of 125 mW and pulse durations of 30 ns with resulting pulse energies of 7.9 μJ and 7.1 μJ. The output power was limited by thermal effects on the gold-coated mirror surface. Dielectric coatings with increased reflectivity and therefore lower thermal stresses are required to power-scale this technique. An initial SiO2/Nb2O5 test coating was applied to a multi-mirror array with individual optical scan angles of 14° at a resonant tilt frequency of 10.4 kHz. The use of this dielectric coated array inside a 3-mirror Nd:YAG laser cavity led to a single mirror output with average Q-switched output power of 750 mW and pulse durations of 295 ns resulting in pulse energies of 36 μJ.

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Bauer RR, Lubeigt WW, Clark CCCC, McBrearty EJEJ, Uttamchandani DGDG. Multi-output Q-switched solid-state laser using an intra-cavity MEMS micromirror array. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Solid State Lasers XXII : Technology and Devices. Vol. 8599. Bellingham. 2013. 85990T. (SPIE Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2003609