Multi-GeV cascaded laser wakefield acceleration in a hybrid capillary discharge waveguide

Zhiyong Qin, Wentao Li, Jiaqi Liu, Jiansheng Liu, Wentao Wang, Changhai Yu, Zhijun Zhang, Xinliang Wang, Jinfeng Li, Yuxin Leng, Xiaoyan Liang, Ruxin Li, Zhizhan Xu

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Based on a 6 cm-long two-segment hybrid capillary discharge waveguide, a multi-GeV electron beam with energy up to 3.2 GeV and 9.7% rms energy spread was achieved in a cascaded laser wakefield acceleration scheme, powered by an on-target 210 TW laser pulse. The electron beam was trapped in the first segment via ionization-induced injection, and then seeded into the second segment for further acceleration. The long-distance stable guiding of the laser pulse and suppression of the dark current inside the second-segment capillary played an important role in the generation of high-energy electron beams, as demonstrated by quasi-three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number073048
Number of pages10
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2022


  • particle-in-cell-simulations
  • laser wakefield acceleration
  • capillary discharge waveguide
  • ionization-induced injection
  • high-energy electron beams


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