Multi-criteria decision analysis of offshore wind turbines support structures under stochastic inputs

A. J. Kolios, A. Rodriguez-Tsouroukdissian, K. Salonitis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Selection of the optimum support structural configuration for offshore wind turbines is a decision that should take into account a variety of both technical and non-technical criteria in order to aggregate cumulatively the performance of several concepts such as jackets, tripods, monopiles, spars, semi-subs, tri-floaters and others with varying suitability and relevance to offshore wind applications. In the preliminary phases of a project, consideration of qualitative attributes based on experts’ opinions is a common practice due to the limited availability of quantitative data for attribute scores and relevant weights, which are mainly based on past experience. This practice can introduce a bias in the considered scores reducing the confidence of the qualifying solution. This paper documents the extension of the widely used TOPSIS method (Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution) to explicitly consider stochastic inputs (statistical distributions) following a systematic gathering of data through surveys and questionnaires. The methodology proposed has been efficiently implemented in a numerical tool and the case study that is presented on the decision analysis of an offshore wind turbine supports structure under given deployment conditions, illustrates its applicability and allows for a sensitivity analysis of the effect of the resolution of simulation, selection of statistical distributions and weighting of experts’ opinions based on their perceived level of expertise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-49
Number of pages12
JournalShips and Offshore Structures
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • decision-making
  • offshore wind turbines
  • stochastic inputs
  • TOPSIS method


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