Multi-arm robotic swimmer actuated by antagonistic SMA springs

Michael Sfakiotakis, Asimina Kazakidi, Theodoros Evdaimon, Avgousta Chatzidaki, Dimitris P. Tsakiris

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present paper considers the modeling, control, development and experimental validation of bio-inspired multiarm underwater robotic swimmers actuated by compliant actuating elements, in the context of the soft robotics paradigm. Each one of the swimmer's compliant arms is actuated at its base by a pair of antagonistic compliant shape memory alloy (SMA) springs. The base joint of each such arm displays hysteretic behavior and asymmetries, which are compensated via the modified Prandtl-Ishlinskii (MPI) model of the joint's response, in conjunction with angular position feedback from a potentiometer. This closed-loop control scheme achieves fast and efficient tracking of a sculling joint motion profile. Experimental results based on a pair of such submerged arms, integrated in a catamaran hull, indicate the feasibility of this actuation and control scheme, providing propulsive speeds up to approximately 0.5 arm lengths per second (∼50 mm/sec) and propulsive forces up to 30 mN. The experimental studies presented, regarding the effect of the arm kinematic parameters on propulsive speed and force, are in qualitative agreement with previous results of our group for rigid-actuator multi-arm underwater swimmers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages1540-1545
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2015
EventIEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2015 - Hamburg, Germany
Duration: 28 Sep 20152 Oct 2015

Conference

ConferenceIEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2015
CountryGermany
CityHamburg
Period28/09/152/10/15

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Keywords

  • bio-inspired robotics
  • control
  • marine robotics
  • Prandtl-Ishlinskii model
  • shape memory alloys
  • soft robotics

Cite this

Sfakiotakis, M., Kazakidi, A., Evdaimon, T., Chatzidaki, A., & Tsakiris, D. P. (2015). Multi-arm robotic swimmer actuated by antagonistic SMA springs. 1540-1545. Paper presented at IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2015, Hamburg, Germany. https://doi.org/10.1109/IROS.2015.7353572