MPPT and control design of a Vienna rectifier-based low power wind turbine with reduced number of sensors

Rafael Pena-Alzola, David Campos-Gaona, Francisco Paz, Jose Luis Monroy Morales, Martin Ordonez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low power wind turbines (LPWT) are an interesting option for distributed generation. Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) procedures for LPWT are either based on look-up tables or use an algorithm. This paper proposes an MPPT algorithm for wind energy analogous to that of the incremental inductance for solar energy. The Vienna rectifier is an efficient non-regenerative power converter with only three switching devices and its use for LPWT can be advantageous. The permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) is a common option for LPWT because of its efficiency. This manuscript explains the sensorless vector control of PMSG using the Vienna rectifier, which results to be analogous to that of the traditional full bridge converter for unity power factor. In addition, the unbalanced voltage in the Vienna rectifier capacitors is derived from the modulation indexes without requiring an additional sensor. Hence, the resulting LPWT has low losses by virtue of the Vienna rectifier, and lower cost and higher reliability by virtue of the sensorless vector control and unbalance voltage estimation. Simulation results validate the proposals of the paper.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems, PEDG 2016
Place of PublicationPiscataway, N.J.
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)978-1-4673-8617-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event7th IEEE International Symposium on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems, PEDG 2016 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: 27 Jun 201630 Jun 2016

Conference

Conference7th IEEE International Symposium on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems, PEDG 2016
Abbreviated titlePEDG
CountryCanada
CityVancouver
Period27/06/1630/06/16

Fingerprint

Wind Turbine
Control Design
Wind turbines
Sensor
Sensors
Sensorless Control
Vector Control
Permanent Magnet
Synchronous generators
Permanent magnets
Voltage
Generator
Distributed Generation
Power Converter
Wind Energy
Solar Energy
Inductance
Look-up Table
Distributed power generation
Electric potential

Keywords

  • pulse width modulation
  • wind turbines
  • maximum power point trackers

Cite this

Pena-Alzola, R., Campos-Gaona, D., Paz, F., Morales, J. L. M., & Ordonez, M. (2016). MPPT and control design of a Vienna rectifier-based low power wind turbine with reduced number of sensors. In 2016 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems, PEDG 2016 [7527092] Piscataway, N.J.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/PEDG.2016.7527092
Pena-Alzola, Rafael ; Campos-Gaona, David ; Paz, Francisco ; Morales, Jose Luis Monroy ; Ordonez, Martin. / MPPT and control design of a Vienna rectifier-based low power wind turbine with reduced number of sensors. 2016 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems, PEDG 2016. Piscataway, N.J. : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2016.
@inproceedings{caddc0f71a884b1c9b965c4dbc8dd866,
title = "MPPT and control design of a Vienna rectifier-based low power wind turbine with reduced number of sensors",
abstract = "Low power wind turbines (LPWT) are an interesting option for distributed generation. Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) procedures for LPWT are either based on look-up tables or use an algorithm. This paper proposes an MPPT algorithm for wind energy analogous to that of the incremental inductance for solar energy. The Vienna rectifier is an efficient non-regenerative power converter with only three switching devices and its use for LPWT can be advantageous. The permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) is a common option for LPWT because of its efficiency. This manuscript explains the sensorless vector control of PMSG using the Vienna rectifier, which results to be analogous to that of the traditional full bridge converter for unity power factor. In addition, the unbalanced voltage in the Vienna rectifier capacitors is derived from the modulation indexes without requiring an additional sensor. Hence, the resulting LPWT has low losses by virtue of the Vienna rectifier, and lower cost and higher reliability by virtue of the sensorless vector control and unbalance voltage estimation. Simulation results validate the proposals of the paper.",
keywords = "pulse width modulation, wind turbines, maximum power point trackers",
author = "Rafael Pena-Alzola and David Campos-Gaona and Francisco Paz and Morales, {Jose Luis Monroy} and Martin Ordonez",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "29",
doi = "10.1109/PEDG.2016.7527092",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-4673-8617-3",
booktitle = "2016 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems, PEDG 2016",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",
address = "United States",

}

Pena-Alzola, R, Campos-Gaona, D, Paz, F, Morales, JLM & Ordonez, M 2016, MPPT and control design of a Vienna rectifier-based low power wind turbine with reduced number of sensors. in 2016 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems, PEDG 2016., 7527092, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., Piscataway, N.J., 7th IEEE International Symposium on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems, PEDG 2016, Vancouver, Canada, 27/06/16. https://doi.org/10.1109/PEDG.2016.7527092

MPPT and control design of a Vienna rectifier-based low power wind turbine with reduced number of sensors. / Pena-Alzola, Rafael; Campos-Gaona, David; Paz, Francisco; Morales, Jose Luis Monroy; Ordonez, Martin.

2016 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems, PEDG 2016. Piscataway, N.J. : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2016. 7527092.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

TY - GEN

T1 - MPPT and control design of a Vienna rectifier-based low power wind turbine with reduced number of sensors

AU - Pena-Alzola, Rafael

AU - Campos-Gaona, David

AU - Paz, Francisco

AU - Morales, Jose Luis Monroy

AU - Ordonez, Martin

PY - 2016/7/29

Y1 - 2016/7/29

N2 - Low power wind turbines (LPWT) are an interesting option for distributed generation. Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) procedures for LPWT are either based on look-up tables or use an algorithm. This paper proposes an MPPT algorithm for wind energy analogous to that of the incremental inductance for solar energy. The Vienna rectifier is an efficient non-regenerative power converter with only three switching devices and its use for LPWT can be advantageous. The permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) is a common option for LPWT because of its efficiency. This manuscript explains the sensorless vector control of PMSG using the Vienna rectifier, which results to be analogous to that of the traditional full bridge converter for unity power factor. In addition, the unbalanced voltage in the Vienna rectifier capacitors is derived from the modulation indexes without requiring an additional sensor. Hence, the resulting LPWT has low losses by virtue of the Vienna rectifier, and lower cost and higher reliability by virtue of the sensorless vector control and unbalance voltage estimation. Simulation results validate the proposals of the paper.

AB - Low power wind turbines (LPWT) are an interesting option for distributed generation. Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) procedures for LPWT are either based on look-up tables or use an algorithm. This paper proposes an MPPT algorithm for wind energy analogous to that of the incremental inductance for solar energy. The Vienna rectifier is an efficient non-regenerative power converter with only three switching devices and its use for LPWT can be advantageous. The permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) is a common option for LPWT because of its efficiency. This manuscript explains the sensorless vector control of PMSG using the Vienna rectifier, which results to be analogous to that of the traditional full bridge converter for unity power factor. In addition, the unbalanced voltage in the Vienna rectifier capacitors is derived from the modulation indexes without requiring an additional sensor. Hence, the resulting LPWT has low losses by virtue of the Vienna rectifier, and lower cost and higher reliability by virtue of the sensorless vector control and unbalance voltage estimation. Simulation results validate the proposals of the paper.

KW - pulse width modulation

KW - wind turbines

KW - maximum power point trackers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84994386062&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/PEDG.2016.7527092

DO - 10.1109/PEDG.2016.7527092

M3 - Conference contribution book

SN - 978-1-4673-8617-3

BT - 2016 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems, PEDG 2016

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

CY - Piscataway, N.J.

ER -

Pena-Alzola R, Campos-Gaona D, Paz F, Morales JLM, Ordonez M. MPPT and control design of a Vienna rectifier-based low power wind turbine with reduced number of sensors. In 2016 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems, PEDG 2016. Piscataway, N.J.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2016. 7527092 https://doi.org/10.1109/PEDG.2016.7527092