Motivational profiles for secondary school physical education and its relationship to the adoption of a physically active lifestyle among university students

L. Haerens, David Kirk, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Maarten Vansteenkiste

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The promotion of an active lifestyle is one of the central aims of physical education (PE). The present study aimed at investigating the relation between students’ motivation for PE and activity levels using self-determination theory as a guiding framework. A retrospective design was used involving 2617 university students, of which 878 (33.5 percent) were male (age 20.6 1.9). Validated questionnaires were used to measure motivation for PE, self-reported concurrent (activity levels at secondary school) and delayed transfer (activity levels at university). A combination of hierarchical and non-hierarchical cluster analyses was used to generate motivational profiles for PE. Differences in activity levels were analysed using MANCOVAS. The results revealed that students with more optimal (i.e. more autonomous) motivational profiles reported more transfer and reported being more active at secondary school and in early adulthood. Implementing strategies that enhance self-determined motivation might result in more students’ adopting an active lifestyle.
LanguageEnglish
Pages117-139
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Physical Education Review
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

Fingerprint

Physical Education and Training
physical education
Life Style
secondary school
Students
Motivation
university
student
Personal Autonomy
self-determination
adulthood
Cluster Analysis
promotion
Exercise
questionnaire

Keywords

  • physical education and sport
  • self-determination theory
  • transfer
  • motivation

Cite this

@article{b1438474e95840bea73b23db99ffd2f1,
title = "Motivational profiles for secondary school physical education and its relationship to the adoption of a physically active lifestyle among university students",
abstract = "The promotion of an active lifestyle is one of the central aims of physical education (PE). The present study aimed at investigating the relation between students’ motivation for PE and activity levels using self-determination theory as a guiding framework. A retrospective design was used involving 2617 university students, of which 878 (33.5 percent) were male (age 20.6 1.9). Validated questionnaires were used to measure motivation for PE, self-reported concurrent (activity levels at secondary school) and delayed transfer (activity levels at university). A combination of hierarchical and non-hierarchical cluster analyses was used to generate motivational profiles for PE. Differences in activity levels were analysed using MANCOVAS. The results revealed that students with more optimal (i.e. more autonomous) motivational profiles reported more transfer and reported being more active at secondary school and in early adulthood. Implementing strategies that enhance self-determined motivation might result in more students’ adopting an active lifestyle.",
keywords = "physical education and sport, self-determination theory, transfer, motivation",
author = "L. Haerens and David Kirk and Greet Cardon and {De Bourdeaudhuij}, Ilse and Maarten Vansteenkiste",
year = "2010",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1177/1356336X10381304",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "117--139",
journal = "European Physical Education Review",
issn = "1356-336X",
number = "2",

}

Motivational profiles for secondary school physical education and its relationship to the adoption of a physically active lifestyle among university students. / Haerens, L.; Kirk, David; Cardon, Greet; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Vansteenkiste, Maarten.

In: European Physical Education Review, Vol. 16, No. 2, 06.2010, p. 117-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Motivational profiles for secondary school physical education and its relationship to the adoption of a physically active lifestyle among university students

AU - Haerens, L.

AU - Kirk, David

AU - Cardon, Greet

AU - De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse

AU - Vansteenkiste, Maarten

PY - 2010/6

Y1 - 2010/6

N2 - The promotion of an active lifestyle is one of the central aims of physical education (PE). The present study aimed at investigating the relation between students’ motivation for PE and activity levels using self-determination theory as a guiding framework. A retrospective design was used involving 2617 university students, of which 878 (33.5 percent) were male (age 20.6 1.9). Validated questionnaires were used to measure motivation for PE, self-reported concurrent (activity levels at secondary school) and delayed transfer (activity levels at university). A combination of hierarchical and non-hierarchical cluster analyses was used to generate motivational profiles for PE. Differences in activity levels were analysed using MANCOVAS. The results revealed that students with more optimal (i.e. more autonomous) motivational profiles reported more transfer and reported being more active at secondary school and in early adulthood. Implementing strategies that enhance self-determined motivation might result in more students’ adopting an active lifestyle.

AB - The promotion of an active lifestyle is one of the central aims of physical education (PE). The present study aimed at investigating the relation between students’ motivation for PE and activity levels using self-determination theory as a guiding framework. A retrospective design was used involving 2617 university students, of which 878 (33.5 percent) were male (age 20.6 1.9). Validated questionnaires were used to measure motivation for PE, self-reported concurrent (activity levels at secondary school) and delayed transfer (activity levels at university). A combination of hierarchical and non-hierarchical cluster analyses was used to generate motivational profiles for PE. Differences in activity levels were analysed using MANCOVAS. The results revealed that students with more optimal (i.e. more autonomous) motivational profiles reported more transfer and reported being more active at secondary school and in early adulthood. Implementing strategies that enhance self-determined motivation might result in more students’ adopting an active lifestyle.

KW - physical education and sport

KW - self-determination theory

KW - transfer

KW - motivation

UR - http://epe.sagepub.com/

U2 - 10.1177/1356336X10381304

DO - 10.1177/1356336X10381304

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 117

EP - 139

JO - European Physical Education Review

T2 - European Physical Education Review

JF - European Physical Education Review

SN - 1356-336X

IS - 2

ER -