With numerical methods, we formulate and solve a mathematical model of solid-particle motion in thermal counterflow turbulence. We find a direct link between the intensity of vortex-particle collision induced Kelvin waves (vortex-gas "temperature") and the intensity of the particle-velocity fluctuations around its mean value. The latter mean value is determined by three factors: (a) the frequency of head-on particle-vortex collisions, (b) the formation of a vortex-tail behind the particle, and (c) the viscous drag. The frequency of head-on particle-vortex collisions depends on (a) the vortex line density, (b) the average tangle drift relative to the particle, and (c) the degree of tangle stratification normal to the counterflow direction. A higher stratification degree reduces the frequency of head-on collisions and allows the vortex-tail effect to dominate. At T=1.3 K, vortex voids in the tangle act like barriers to particle motion; the particle-velocity fluctuations are comparable to its mean value and, thus, the particle's direction of motion is sporadically reversed.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 12 May 2008|
- mathematical models
- thermal counterflow turbulence