Monitoring and compliance mechanisms

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This chapter provides a general perspective of monitoring and compliance mechanisms in multilateral environmental agreements related to the protection of biodiversity. Starting with the specificities that explain the emergence of endogenous enforcement solutions in these sorts of treaty, it makes a conceptual distinction between monitoring and compliance mechanisms. On this basis, it appraises their institutional design and procedural outline, as well as the nature of the measures that these mechanisms issue in order to elicit compliance and enforce treaty obligations. It concludes with an overall assessment of these mechanisms’ performance, providing a final reflection on new and remaining research directions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiodiversity and Nature Protection Law
Subtitle of host publicationElgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law
EditorsElisa Morgera, Jona Razzaque
Place of PublicationCheltenham
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781783474257
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • biodiversity-related conventions
  • environmental monitoring
  • compliance mechanisms
  • biodiversity
  • natural protection
  • law
  • environmental law


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