Modular redox-active inorganic chemical cells: iCHELLs

Geoffrey Cooper, Philip Kitson, Ross Winter, Michele Zagnoni, De-Liang Long, Leroy Cronin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


Interfacial membrane formation by cation exchange of polyoxometalates produces modular inorganic chemical cells with tunable morphology, properties, and composition (see picture). These inorganic chemical cells (iCHELLs), which show redox activity, chirality, as well as selective permeability towards small molecules, can be nested within one another, potentially allowing stepwise reactions to occur in sequence within the cell.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10373-10376
Number of pages4
JournalAngewandte Chemie
Issue number44
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2011


  • inorganic chemical cells
  • redox-active
  • interfacial membrane formation


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