Modular design for space engineering research platforms

Mark Post, Regina Lee, Brendan Quine

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we describe a modular design approach that is used in developing several research platforms for space engineering research at York University. We briefly describe three distinct research projects for space science and engineering research: a 6kg micro-rover under development for the Northern Light mars lander mission, a 50kg rover built by the York University Rover Team to compete in the annual University Rover Challenge, and a 1U CubeSat design for nanosatellite technology development research. All three research projects share a design philosophy to achieve modularity, efficiency, robustness and simplicity by adopting a common embedded hardware configuration using COTS hardware and a simple control topology. An on-board computer board stack based on a PC/104 or similar form-factor provides centralized control using an ARM microcontroller. Payloads and application-specific components are added using robust SPI, synchronous serial, and RS-485 interfaces, with provision made for ethernet and USB connectivity when needed. The software for this system is is based on open-source compilers and operating systems and is also modular in nature, using a portable base station GUI, wireless mesh networking between different systems, and JAUS messaging for flexible component-level communications. The proposed design approach allows sharing of resources while optimizing design features with cost-effective, readily-available commercial components for complex research projects.

Conference

Conference8th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics (ICINCO 2011)
CountryNetherlands
CityNoordwijkerhout
Period28/07/1131/07/11

Fingerprint

Space research
Aerospace engineering
Engineering research
platforms
engineering
research projects
Printed circuit boards
hardware
Nanosatellites
nanosatellites
airborne/spaceborne computers
compilers
Hardware
modularity
graphical user interface
Ethernet
aerospace sciences
technological development
networking
Microcontrollers

Keywords

  • research platforms
  • modular design
  • space engineering
  • field robotics
  • mobile robots
  • embedded systems
  • electronics

Cite this

Post, M., Lee, R., & Quine, B. (2011). Modular design for space engineering research platforms. Paper presented at 8th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics (ICINCO 2011), Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands.
Post, Mark ; Lee, Regina ; Quine, Brendan. / Modular design for space engineering research platforms. Paper presented at 8th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics (ICINCO 2011), Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands.10 p.
@conference{4506ba94be0945eb83393996f2b01f30,
title = "Modular design for space engineering research platforms",
abstract = "In this paper, we describe a modular design approach that is used in developing several research platforms for space engineering research at York University. We briefly describe three distinct research projects for space science and engineering research: a 6kg micro-rover under development for the Northern Light mars lander mission, a 50kg rover built by the York University Rover Team to compete in the annual University Rover Challenge, and a 1U CubeSat design for nanosatellite technology development research. All three research projects share a design philosophy to achieve modularity, efficiency, robustness and simplicity by adopting a common embedded hardware configuration using COTS hardware and a simple control topology. An on-board computer board stack based on a PC/104 or similar form-factor provides centralized control using an ARM microcontroller. Payloads and application-specific components are added using robust SPI, synchronous serial, and RS-485 interfaces, with provision made for ethernet and USB connectivity when needed. The software for this system is is based on open-source compilers and operating systems and is also modular in nature, using a portable base station GUI, wireless mesh networking between different systems, and JAUS messaging for flexible component-level communications. The proposed design approach allows sharing of resources while optimizing design features with cost-effective, readily-available commercial components for complex research projects.",
keywords = "research platforms, modular design, space engineering, field robotics, mobile robots, embedded systems, electronics",
author = "Mark Post and Regina Lee and Brendan Quine",
year = "2011",
month = "7",
day = "29",
language = "English",
note = "8th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics (ICINCO 2011) ; Conference date: 28-07-2011 Through 31-07-2011",

}

Post, M, Lee, R & Quine, B 2011, 'Modular design for space engineering research platforms' Paper presented at 8th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics (ICINCO 2011), Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands, 28/07/11 - 31/07/11, .

Modular design for space engineering research platforms. / Post, Mark; Lee, Regina; Quine, Brendan.

2011. Paper presented at 8th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics (ICINCO 2011), Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Modular design for space engineering research platforms

AU - Post, Mark

AU - Lee, Regina

AU - Quine, Brendan

PY - 2011/7/29

Y1 - 2011/7/29

N2 - In this paper, we describe a modular design approach that is used in developing several research platforms for space engineering research at York University. We briefly describe three distinct research projects for space science and engineering research: a 6kg micro-rover under development for the Northern Light mars lander mission, a 50kg rover built by the York University Rover Team to compete in the annual University Rover Challenge, and a 1U CubeSat design for nanosatellite technology development research. All three research projects share a design philosophy to achieve modularity, efficiency, robustness and simplicity by adopting a common embedded hardware configuration using COTS hardware and a simple control topology. An on-board computer board stack based on a PC/104 or similar form-factor provides centralized control using an ARM microcontroller. Payloads and application-specific components are added using robust SPI, synchronous serial, and RS-485 interfaces, with provision made for ethernet and USB connectivity when needed. The software for this system is is based on open-source compilers and operating systems and is also modular in nature, using a portable base station GUI, wireless mesh networking between different systems, and JAUS messaging for flexible component-level communications. The proposed design approach allows sharing of resources while optimizing design features with cost-effective, readily-available commercial components for complex research projects.

AB - In this paper, we describe a modular design approach that is used in developing several research platforms for space engineering research at York University. We briefly describe three distinct research projects for space science and engineering research: a 6kg micro-rover under development for the Northern Light mars lander mission, a 50kg rover built by the York University Rover Team to compete in the annual University Rover Challenge, and a 1U CubeSat design for nanosatellite technology development research. All three research projects share a design philosophy to achieve modularity, efficiency, robustness and simplicity by adopting a common embedded hardware configuration using COTS hardware and a simple control topology. An on-board computer board stack based on a PC/104 or similar form-factor provides centralized control using an ARM microcontroller. Payloads and application-specific components are added using robust SPI, synchronous serial, and RS-485 interfaces, with provision made for ethernet and USB connectivity when needed. The software for this system is is based on open-source compilers and operating systems and is also modular in nature, using a portable base station GUI, wireless mesh networking between different systems, and JAUS messaging for flexible component-level communications. The proposed design approach allows sharing of resources while optimizing design features with cost-effective, readily-available commercial components for complex research projects.

KW - research platforms

KW - modular design

KW - space engineering

KW - field robotics

KW - mobile robots

KW - embedded systems

KW - electronics

UR - http://www.icinco.org/ICINCO2011/

UR - http://www.icinco.org/Abstracts/2011/ICINCO_2011_Abstracts.htm

M3 - Paper

ER -

Post M, Lee R, Quine B. Modular design for space engineering research platforms. 2011. Paper presented at 8th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics (ICINCO 2011), Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands.