Modification of ionic currents underlying action-potentials in mouse nerve-terminals by the thiol-oxidizing agent diamide

M.F.M. Braga, E.G. Rowan, A.L. Harvey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The effect of diamide, a thiol-oxidizing agent, was tested using electrophysiological techniques to determine whether its ability to alter neuromuscular transmission in vitro could be attributed to alterations of ion channels controlling neuronal excitability and/or acetylcholine release. In mouse triangularis sterni preparations, diamide transiently increased the evoked release of acetylcholine and then blocked release. Extracellular recording of perineural waveforms associated with neuronal action potentials at motor nerve terminals showed that diamide reduced the waveforms associated with the delayed rectifier K+ current, a Ca2+ current and a Ca2+-activated K+ current (ik,ca). Inhibition of quantal transmitter release was not associated with failure of action potentials to invade nerve terminals. Thus, diamide modifies the ionic currents underlying the nerve terminal action potential, some of these changes probably account for the complex effects of diamide on quantal transmission.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1529-1533
Number of pages4
JournalNeuropharmacology
Volume34
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1995

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Diamide
Sulfhydryl Compounds
Oxidants
Action Potentials
Acetylcholine
Ion Channels

Keywords

  • diamide
  • potassium channels
  • calcium channels
  • acetylcholine release
  • perineural waveform
  • neuromuscular transmission

Cite this

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abstract = "The effect of diamide, a thiol-oxidizing agent, was tested using electrophysiological techniques to determine whether its ability to alter neuromuscular transmission in vitro could be attributed to alterations of ion channels controlling neuronal excitability and/or acetylcholine release. In mouse triangularis sterni preparations, diamide transiently increased the evoked release of acetylcholine and then blocked release. Extracellular recording of perineural waveforms associated with neuronal action potentials at motor nerve terminals showed that diamide reduced the waveforms associated with the delayed rectifier K+ current, a Ca2+ current and a Ca2+-activated K+ current (ik,ca). Inhibition of quantal transmitter release was not associated with failure of action potentials to invade nerve terminals. Thus, diamide modifies the ionic currents underlying the nerve terminal action potential, some of these changes probably account for the complex effects of diamide on quantal transmission.",
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Modification of ionic currents underlying action-potentials in mouse nerve-terminals by the thiol-oxidizing agent diamide. / Braga, M.F.M.; Rowan, E.G.; Harvey, A.L.

In: Neuropharmacology, Vol. 34, No. 11, 11.1995, p. 1529-1533.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Harvey, A.L.

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