Modelling the impact of integrated electric vehicle charging and domestic heating strategies on future energy demands

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The next 30 years could see dramatic changes in domestic energy use, with increasingly stringent building regulations, the uptake of building-integrated microgeneration, the possible electrification of heating (e.g. heat pumps) and the use of electric vehicles (EV). In this paper, the ESP-r building simulation tool was used to model the consequences of both the electrification of heat and EV charging on the electrical demand characteristics of a future, net-zero-energy dwelling. The paper describes the adaptation of ESP-r so that domestic electrical power flows could be simulated at a temporal resolution high enough to calculate realistic peak demand. An algorithm for EV charging is also presented, along with the different charging options. Strategies by which EV charging and electrified heating could be controlled in order to minimise peak household electrical demand were assessed. The simulation results indicate that uncontrolled vehicle charging and the use of electrified heating could more than double peak household power demand. By contrast, a more intelligent, load-sensitive heating and charging strategy could limit the peak demand rise to around 40% of a base case with no vehicle or electrified heating. However, overall household electrical energy use was still more than doubled.

Conference

Conference9th International Conference on System Simulation in Buildings, SSB2014
CountryBelgium
CityLiege
Period10/12/1412/12/14

Fingerprint

Electric Vehicle
Electric vehicles
Heating
Energy
Modeling
Heat
Power Flow
Simulation Tool
Pump
High Resolution
Demand
Strategy
Pumps
Minimise
Calculate
Zero
Simulation

Keywords

  • EV
  • zero energy dwelling
  • electrical demand
  • simulation

Cite this

Hand, J., Kelly, N., & Samuel, A. (2014). Modelling the impact of integrated electric vehicle charging and domestic heating strategies on future energy demands. Paper presented at 9th International Conference on System Simulation in Buildings, SSB2014, Liege, Belgium.
Hand, Jon ; Kelly, Nicolas ; Samuel, Aizaz. / Modelling the impact of integrated electric vehicle charging and domestic heating strategies on future energy demands. Paper presented at 9th International Conference on System Simulation in Buildings, SSB2014, Liege, Belgium.20 p.
@conference{f0e705561eac46c3ad0f1a674e8ba771,
title = "Modelling the impact of integrated electric vehicle charging and domestic heating strategies on future energy demands",
abstract = "The next 30 years could see dramatic changes in domestic energy use, with increasingly stringent building regulations, the uptake of building-integrated microgeneration, the possible electrification of heating (e.g. heat pumps) and the use of electric vehicles (EV). In this paper, the ESP-r building simulation tool was used to model the consequences of both the electrification of heat and EV charging on the electrical demand characteristics of a future, net-zero-energy dwelling. The paper describes the adaptation of ESP-r so that domestic electrical power flows could be simulated at a temporal resolution high enough to calculate realistic peak demand. An algorithm for EV charging is also presented, along with the different charging options. Strategies by which EV charging and electrified heating could be controlled in order to minimise peak household electrical demand were assessed. The simulation results indicate that uncontrolled vehicle charging and the use of electrified heating could more than double peak household power demand. By contrast, a more intelligent, load-sensitive heating and charging strategy could limit the peak demand rise to around 40{\%} of a base case with no vehicle or electrified heating. However, overall household electrical energy use was still more than doubled.",
keywords = "EV, zero energy dwelling, electrical demand, simulation",
author = "Jon Hand and Nicolas Kelly and Aizaz Samuel",
note = "Date of Acceptance: 14/10/2014; 9th International Conference on System Simulation in Buildings, SSB2014 ; Conference date: 10-12-2014 Through 12-12-2014",
year = "2014",
month = "12",
day = "10",
language = "English",

}

Hand, J, Kelly, N & Samuel, A 2014, 'Modelling the impact of integrated electric vehicle charging and domestic heating strategies on future energy demands' Paper presented at 9th International Conference on System Simulation in Buildings, SSB2014, Liege, Belgium, 10/12/14 - 12/12/14, .

Modelling the impact of integrated electric vehicle charging and domestic heating strategies on future energy demands. / Hand, Jon; Kelly, Nicolas; Samuel, Aizaz.

2014. Paper presented at 9th International Conference on System Simulation in Buildings, SSB2014, Liege, Belgium.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Modelling the impact of integrated electric vehicle charging and domestic heating strategies on future energy demands

AU - Hand, Jon

AU - Kelly, Nicolas

AU - Samuel, Aizaz

N1 - Date of Acceptance: 14/10/2014

PY - 2014/12/10

Y1 - 2014/12/10

N2 - The next 30 years could see dramatic changes in domestic energy use, with increasingly stringent building regulations, the uptake of building-integrated microgeneration, the possible electrification of heating (e.g. heat pumps) and the use of electric vehicles (EV). In this paper, the ESP-r building simulation tool was used to model the consequences of both the electrification of heat and EV charging on the electrical demand characteristics of a future, net-zero-energy dwelling. The paper describes the adaptation of ESP-r so that domestic electrical power flows could be simulated at a temporal resolution high enough to calculate realistic peak demand. An algorithm for EV charging is also presented, along with the different charging options. Strategies by which EV charging and electrified heating could be controlled in order to minimise peak household electrical demand were assessed. The simulation results indicate that uncontrolled vehicle charging and the use of electrified heating could more than double peak household power demand. By contrast, a more intelligent, load-sensitive heating and charging strategy could limit the peak demand rise to around 40% of a base case with no vehicle or electrified heating. However, overall household electrical energy use was still more than doubled.

AB - The next 30 years could see dramatic changes in domestic energy use, with increasingly stringent building regulations, the uptake of building-integrated microgeneration, the possible electrification of heating (e.g. heat pumps) and the use of electric vehicles (EV). In this paper, the ESP-r building simulation tool was used to model the consequences of both the electrification of heat and EV charging on the electrical demand characteristics of a future, net-zero-energy dwelling. The paper describes the adaptation of ESP-r so that domestic electrical power flows could be simulated at a temporal resolution high enough to calculate realistic peak demand. An algorithm for EV charging is also presented, along with the different charging options. Strategies by which EV charging and electrified heating could be controlled in order to minimise peak household electrical demand were assessed. The simulation results indicate that uncontrolled vehicle charging and the use of electrified heating could more than double peak household power demand. By contrast, a more intelligent, load-sensitive heating and charging strategy could limit the peak demand rise to around 40% of a base case with no vehicle or electrified heating. However, overall household electrical energy use was still more than doubled.

KW - EV

KW - zero energy dwelling

KW - electrical demand

KW - simulation

UR - http://www.ssb2010.ulg.ac.be/

M3 - Paper

ER -

Hand J, Kelly N, Samuel A. Modelling the impact of integrated electric vehicle charging and domestic heating strategies on future energy demands. 2014. Paper presented at 9th International Conference on System Simulation in Buildings, SSB2014, Liege, Belgium.