Modelling the basin-scale demography of Calanus finmarchicus in the North East Atlantic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In this paper, we report on a coupled physical-biological model describing the spatio-temporal distribution of Calanus finmarchicus over an area of the North Atlantic and Norwegian Sea from 56°N, 30°W to 72°N, 20°E. The model, which explicitly represents all the life-history stages, is implemented in a highly efficient discrete space-time format which permits wide-ranging dynamic exploration and parameter optimization. The underlying hydrodynamic driving functions come from the Hamburg Shelf-Ocean Model (HAMSOM). The spatio-temporal distribution of resources powering development and reproduction is inferred from SeaWiFS sea-surface colour observations. We confront the model with distributional data inferred from continuous plankton recorder observations, overwintering distribution data from a variety of EU, UK national and Canadian programmes which were collated as part of the Trans-Atlantic Study of Calanus (TASC) programme, and high-frequency stage-resolved point time-series obtained as part of the TASC programme. We test two competing hypotheses concerning the control of awakening from diapause and conclude that only a mechanism with characteristics similar to photoperiodic control can explain the test data.
LanguageEnglish
Pages333-358
Number of pages25
JournalFisheries Oceanography
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Fingerprint

Calanus finmarchicus
demography
Calanus
basins
basin
temporal distribution
modeling
physical models
diapause
overwintering
hydrodynamics
SeaWiFS
plankton
time series analysis
resource development
oceans
testing
life history
sea surface
color

Keywords

  • calanus finmarchicus
  • diapause
  • overwintering
  • photoperiod
  • population dynamics
  • statistics

Cite this

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title = "Modelling the basin-scale demography of Calanus finmarchicus in the North East Atlantic",
abstract = "In this paper, we report on a coupled physical-biological model describing the spatio-temporal distribution of Calanus finmarchicus over an area of the North Atlantic and Norwegian Sea from 56°N, 30°W to 72°N, 20°E. The model, which explicitly represents all the life-history stages, is implemented in a highly efficient discrete space-time format which permits wide-ranging dynamic exploration and parameter optimization. The underlying hydrodynamic driving functions come from the Hamburg Shelf-Ocean Model (HAMSOM). The spatio-temporal distribution of resources powering development and reproduction is inferred from SeaWiFS sea-surface colour observations. We confront the model with distributional data inferred from continuous plankton recorder observations, overwintering distribution data from a variety of EU, UK national and Canadian programmes which were collated as part of the Trans-Atlantic Study of Calanus (TASC) programme, and high-frequency stage-resolved point time-series obtained as part of the TASC programme. We test two competing hypotheses concerning the control of awakening from diapause and conclude that only a mechanism with characteristics similar to photoperiodic control can explain the test data.",
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Modelling the basin-scale demography of Calanus finmarchicus in the North East Atlantic. / Speirs, D.; Gurney, W.S.C.; Heath, M.R.; Wood, S.N.

In: Fisheries Oceanography, Vol. 14, No. 5, 2005, p. 333-358.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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