Modelling polarization effects in a freely suspended smectic liquid crystal film

Helen Millar, Geoffrey McKay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We consider a smectic liquid crystal film freely suspended between two electrodes and subject to an electric field. For a fixed voltage the system can exhibit qualitatively different types of equilibrium director profile, depending on the spontaneous polarization and flexoelectric contributions to the bulk free energy. We examine the stability of the calculated director profiles and determine which configurations are energetically favourable. Furthermore, we also observe that, at critical values of the polarization parameters, there exists a bifurcation corresponding to a change in the number of equilibrium profiles. Generally, any configuration where the electric field and spontaneous polarization act in opposing directions is energetically unfavourable. However, we show that these profiles can become metastable and local energy minima when the flexoelectric parameters are relatively large.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-811
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals
Volume478
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • continuum theory
  • polarization
  • smectic liquid crystals

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