Modelling creep and rate effects in structured anisotropic soft clays

Gustav Grimstad, SA Degado, S Nordal, Minna Karstunen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


In simulations of undrained triaxial tests, most soil models fail to capture the effect of post peak strain rate variation. This is due to the fact that no “swelling” is allowed for the viscoplastic volume strain. Imposing such restriction implies that dilative behavior cannot be modeled. Therefore, a model incorporating creep has been formulated using the so-called time resistance concept that uses a single creep parameter determined from an incremental oedometer test. The key feature of the proposed model is the introduction of the time resistance concept on the plastic multiplier rather than on the volumetric viscoplastic strain. This allows the viscoplastic volume strain to be either positive or negative depending on whether the state of the soil is on the “wet” or “dry” side of critical state line. The proposed model is based on an existing elastoplastic model for structured soft clay (S-CLAY1S). The paper gives a description of the constitutive model and the numerical scheme used in the implementation of the model. Capabilities of the model are illustrated with simulations of oedometer and triaxial tests. Results from such analyses show that the model is able to capture essential features of soft clay behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-81
Number of pages13
JournalActa Geotechnica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010


  • anisotropy
  • strain rate
  • soft soils
  • critical state concept
  • creep
  • constitutive models


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