Modelling creep and rate effects in structured anisotropic soft clays

Gustav Grimstad, SA Degado, S Nordal, Minna Karstunen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In simulations of undrained triaxial tests, most soil models fail to capture the effect of post peak strain rate variation. This is due to the fact that no “swelling” is allowed for the viscoplastic volume strain. Imposing such restriction implies that dilative behavior cannot be modeled. Therefore, a model incorporating creep has been formulated using the so-called time resistance concept that uses a single creep parameter determined from an incremental oedometer test. The key feature of the proposed model is the introduction of the time resistance concept on the plastic multiplier rather than on the volumetric viscoplastic strain. This allows the viscoplastic volume strain to be either positive or negative depending on whether the state of the soil is on the “wet” or “dry” side of critical state line. The proposed model is based on an existing elastoplastic model for structured soft clay (S-CLAY1S). The paper gives a description of the constitutive model and the numerical scheme used in the implementation of the model. Capabilities of the model are illustrated with simulations of oedometer and triaxial tests. Results from such analyses show that the model is able to capture essential features of soft clay behavior.
LanguageEnglish
Pages69-81
Number of pages13
JournalActa Geotechnica
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

Fingerprint

soft clay
creep
Creep
Clay
modeling
oedometer test
triaxial test
Soils
effect
rate
critical state
Constitutive models
Swelling
strain rate
Strain rate
swelling
simulation
soil
Plastics
plastic

Keywords

  • anisotropy
  • strain rate
  • soft soils
  • critical state concept
  • creep
  • constitutive models

Cite this

Grimstad, Gustav ; Degado, SA ; Nordal, S ; Karstunen, Minna. / Modelling creep and rate effects in structured anisotropic soft clays. In: Acta Geotechnica. 2010 ; Vol. 5, No. 1. pp. 69-81.
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Grimstad, G, Degado, SA, Nordal, S & Karstunen, M 2010, 'Modelling creep and rate effects in structured anisotropic soft clays' Acta Geotechnica, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 69-81. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11440-010-0119-y

Modelling creep and rate effects in structured anisotropic soft clays. / Grimstad, Gustav; Degado, SA; Nordal, S; Karstunen, Minna.

In: Acta Geotechnica, Vol. 5, No. 1, 04.2010, p. 69-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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