Mixed low-thrust invariant-manifold transfers to distant prograde orbits around Mars

Giorgio Mingotti, Pini Gurfil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transfers from Earth to Mars have been extensively studied in the literature, with the prevalent approaches being two-body patched-conics-based trajectory optimization or three-body halo-to-halo transfers augmented by lowthrust
coasting arcs. In this work, a new transfer method is suggested. The main idea is to combine manifold theory with low-thrust propulsion in order to reach distant prograde orbits about Mars. The most prominent feature of the
said distant prograde orbits is the associated hyperbolic structure, permitting a free capture by coasting on the stable manifold without any additional injection maneuvers. The preliminary design process includes identification of Martian distant prograde orbits via a numerical continuation of known orbits in Hill’s three-body problem and derivation of a three-phase coupled restricted three-body transfer comprising an Earth-escape stage, a heliocentric
orbit, and a Martian rendezvous.Adirect nonlinear programming-based low-thrust optimization in a full-ephemeris model including the Earth, the moon, and Mars is used to improve the preliminary design and evaluate the
performance of the suggested transfer method.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1753-1764
JournalJournal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

Fingerprint

low thrust
Mars
Invariant Manifolds
mars
Orbits
thrust
Orbit
orbits
Earth (planet)
halos
low thrust propulsion
Moon
trajectory optimization
nonlinear programming
Hyperbolic Structure
Trajectory Optimization
Nonlinear programming
Numerical Continuation
Three-body Problem
rendezvous

Keywords

  • low-thrust transfers
  • invariant manifolds
  • prograde orbits
  • Mars mission

Cite this

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abstract = "Transfers from Earth to Mars have been extensively studied in the literature, with the prevalent approaches being two-body patched-conics-based trajectory optimization or three-body halo-to-halo transfers augmented by lowthrustcoasting arcs. In this work, a new transfer method is suggested. The main idea is to combine manifold theory with low-thrust propulsion in order to reach distant prograde orbits about Mars. The most prominent feature of thesaid distant prograde orbits is the associated hyperbolic structure, permitting a free capture by coasting on the stable manifold without any additional injection maneuvers. The preliminary design process includes identification of Martian distant prograde orbits via a numerical continuation of known orbits in Hill’s three-body problem and derivation of a three-phase coupled restricted three-body transfer comprising an Earth-escape stage, a heliocentricorbit, and a Martian rendezvous.Adirect nonlinear programming-based low-thrust optimization in a full-ephemeris model including the Earth, the moon, and Mars is used to improve the preliminary design and evaluate theperformance of the suggested transfer method.",
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Mixed low-thrust invariant-manifold transfers to distant prograde orbits around Mars. / Mingotti, Giorgio; Gurfil, Pini.

In: Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics, Vol. 33, No. 6, 11.2010, p. 1753-1764.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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