Mining and sustainable development

Leonardus Gerber, Francesco Sindico

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter critically assesses the role that mining and minerals have in the wider context of sustainable development. In particular, we assess the role of law (and of international law in particular) in balancing the economic interests of the mining activity, with the requirements of social justice and environmental protection. The starting point for discussion lies in the recognition of the fact that mining and minerals are present in only two brief paragraphs within the final outcome of the Rio+20 process document. We also assess the pre-and post-Rio+20 processes to determine the extent to which the debate around minerals and mining has been present in the negotiations prior to Rio. The chapter touches upon a selection of contemporary issues affecting the contribution of mining to sustainable developing, including effective post-mining closure regulation, means to enhance transparency and accountability and, ways to prevent illicit activities funded through mining activities; and the emergence of the social license and climate change debates.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Protection and Sustainable Development from Rio to Rio+20
EditorsMalgosia Fitzmaurice, Sandrine Maljean-Dubois, Stefania Negri
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Publication series

NameQueen Mary Studies in International Law


  • mining and minerals
  • sustainable development
  • role of law
  • social justice
  • environmental protection

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