Microcontroller-based digital front-end for near-infrared spectroscopy

Mario Ettore Giardini, Mario Corti, Giovanni G. Guizzetti, Paolo Lago, Andrea Gelmetti, Giovanni Danese

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

3 Citations (Scopus)
134 Downloads (Pure)


Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) can be employed to noninvasively and continuously measure in-vivo local changes in haemodynamics and oxygenation of human tissues. Monitoring of these parameters is particularly useful both for basic research and during surgery, when a continuous and real-time measurement can help to avoid permanent damage to the tissues.
We present a modular acquisition system in which each subsystem, from the case to the single acquisition front-end is designed to meet all the requirements of a research-grade instrument, dedicated to intraoperatory measurements.
Part of the modules of the acquisition system has been dedicated to multipoint NIRS. A module prototype has been developed, which is able to control four LED sources and two detectors. On each front-end a RISC microcontroller performs source and detector multiplexing with a digital correlation technique. A number of such modules can be independently addressed through a bus by a PC-based workstation (integrated on the instrument) for data collection, processing and visualization.
Preliminary tests of the prototype on tourniquet-induced forearm ischaemia show adequate detectivity and time response. The operating parameters derived from the prototype will be employed in the design of a high channel count module, which will exploit the capabilities of a digital signal processor (DSP), for spatially mapped brain oxygenation monitoring.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDiagnostic, Guidance and Surgical-Assist Systems II
EditorsTuan Vo-Dinh, Warren S. Grundfest, David A. Benaron
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2000
EventConference on Biomedical Diagnostic, Guidance, and Surgical-Assist Systems II - San Jose, United States
Duration: 25 Jan 200026 Jan 2000

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE
PublisherSPIE Press
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


ConferenceConference on Biomedical Diagnostic, Guidance, and Surgical-Assist Systems II
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Jose


  • multichannel NIRS
  • LED
  • digital
  • multicontroller-based
  • digital front-end
  • near-infrared spectroscopy


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