Micro-tweezers: design, fabrication, simulation and testing of a pneumatically actuated micro-gripper for micromanipulation and microtactile sensing

A.f. Alogla, F. Amalou, C. Balmer, P. Scanlan, W. Shu, R.L. Reuben

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a novel micro-gripper design with the dual functions of manipulation and force sensing. The device consists of two parallel plates, each mounted on torsion bars, which can be made to rotate towards or away from each other by use of a pneumatically- or hydraulically-actuated elastic membrane. The plates can be conveniently fabricated using photo-etching and the design allows for a range of ratios between actuation pressure and tip opening displacement and force. The elastic gripping tips can be designed to provide sufficient compliance that their strain can be used to monitor and control the gripping force. An exemplar device has been fabricated and its behaviour characterised by a series of mechanical measurements of force and displacement. These measurements have been rationalised using a simple analytical model, backed up with finite element analysis to emphasise the design variables and scalability. This exemplar device, with a maximum tip opening amplitude of 1 mm and maximum force output of 50 mN, has also been demonstrated to perform pick-and-place operations with 200 μm micro-beads.
LanguageEnglish
Pages394-404
Number of pages11
JournalSensors and Actuators A: Physical
Volume236
Early online date20 Jul 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015

Fingerprint

Grippers
Fabrication
fabrication
Testing
simulation
Torsional stress
Scalability
Analytical models
Etching
mechanical measurement
Membranes
Finite element method
parallel plates
actuation
beads
torsion
manipulators
etching
membranes
output

Keywords

  • micro-gripper
  • pneumatic
  • micrmanipulation
  • finite element analysis
  • tactile sensing

Cite this

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title = "Micro-tweezers: design, fabrication, simulation and testing of a pneumatically actuated micro-gripper for micromanipulation and microtactile sensing",
abstract = "This paper presents a novel micro-gripper design with the dual functions of manipulation and force sensing. The device consists of two parallel plates, each mounted on torsion bars, which can be made to rotate towards or away from each other by use of a pneumatically- or hydraulically-actuated elastic membrane. The plates can be conveniently fabricated using photo-etching and the design allows for a range of ratios between actuation pressure and tip opening displacement and force. The elastic gripping tips can be designed to provide sufficient compliance that their strain can be used to monitor and control the gripping force. An exemplar device has been fabricated and its behaviour characterised by a series of mechanical measurements of force and displacement. These measurements have been rationalised using a simple analytical model, backed up with finite element analysis to emphasise the design variables and scalability. This exemplar device, with a maximum tip opening amplitude of 1 mm and maximum force output of 50 mN, has also been demonstrated to perform pick-and-place operations with 200 μm micro-beads.",
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Micro-tweezers : design, fabrication, simulation and testing of a pneumatically actuated micro-gripper for micromanipulation and microtactile sensing. / Alogla, A.f.; Amalou, F.; Balmer, C.; Scanlan, P.; Shu, W.; Reuben, R.L.

In: Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, Vol. 236, 01.12.2015, p. 394-404.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Amalou, F.

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