Micro-motion estimation of maritime targets using pixel tracking in cosmo-skymed synthetic aperture radar data: an operative assessment

Filippo Biondi, Pia Addabbo, Danilo Orlando, Carmine Clemente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel strategy to estimate the micro-motion (m-m) of ships from synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images. To this end, observe that the problem of motion and m-m detection of targets is usually solved using synthetic aperture radar (SAR) along-track interferometry through two radars spatially separated by a baseline along the azimuth direction. The approach proposed in this paper for m-m estimation of ships, occupying thousands of pixels, processes the information generated during the coregistration of several re-synthesized time-domain and not overlapped Doppler sub-apertures. Specifically, the SAR products are generated by splitting the raw data according to a temporally small baseline using one single wide-band staring spotlight (ST) SAR image. The predominant vibrational modes of different ships are then estimated. The performance analysis is conducted on one ST SAR image recorded by COSMO-SkyMed satellite system. Finally, the newly proposed approach paves the way for application to the surveillance of land-based industry activities.
LanguageEnglish
Article number1637
Number of pages19
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume11
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2019

Fingerprint

Motion estimation
Synthetic aperture radar
pixel
synthetic aperture radar
Pixels
Ships
COSMO-SkyMed
interferometry
Interferometry
azimuth
Satellites
industry
ship
Industry

Keywords

  • interferometry
  • cosmo-skymed
  • frequency modes
  • micro-motion
  • synthetic aperture radar
  • sub-pixel offset tracking

Cite this

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title = "Micro-motion estimation of maritime targets using pixel tracking in cosmo-skymed synthetic aperture radar data: an operative assessment",
abstract = "In this paper, we propose a novel strategy to estimate the micro-motion (m-m) of ships from synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images. To this end, observe that the problem of motion and m-m detection of targets is usually solved using synthetic aperture radar (SAR) along-track interferometry through two radars spatially separated by a baseline along the azimuth direction. The approach proposed in this paper for m-m estimation of ships, occupying thousands of pixels, processes the information generated during the coregistration of several re-synthesized time-domain and not overlapped Doppler sub-apertures. Specifically, the SAR products are generated by splitting the raw data according to a temporally small baseline using one single wide-band staring spotlight (ST) SAR image. The predominant vibrational modes of different ships are then estimated. The performance analysis is conducted on one ST SAR image recorded by COSMO-SkyMed satellite system. Finally, the newly proposed approach paves the way for application to the surveillance of land-based industry activities.",
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Micro-motion estimation of maritime targets using pixel tracking in cosmo-skymed synthetic aperture radar data : an operative assessment. / Biondi, Filippo; Addabbo, Pia; Orlando, Danilo; Clemente, Carmine.

In: Remote Sensing, Vol. 11, No. 14, 1637, 10.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Addabbo, Pia

AU - Orlando, Danilo

AU - Clemente, Carmine

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