Methods of sterilization and contraception in mammals

Valerie A. Ferro, Joanna H. Sliwowska, Mohammed Al-Qaraghuli, Manal Alsaadi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


This article examines a range of sterilization methods used in male and female mammals. It includes permanent surgical methods and the desire for reversible and non-surgical methods, depending on the type of animal (human, companion, farm, pest, wild). Steroidal and non-steroidal products are considered, as well as developments in hormonal and gamete-based immunocastration. Recent targets are described and indicate that this field is still very active.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Reproduction
EditorsMichael K. Skinner
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
Number of pages10
EditionSecond Edition
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2018


  • gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone
  • gonadotropin-releasing hormone
  • hypothalamic pituitary gonadal axis
  • immunocastration
  • kisspeptin
  • KNDy neurons
  • reproductive hormones
  • sperm antigens
  • sterilization
  • zona pellucida


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