Method for experimental determination of Z dependence of impurity transport on JET

C. Giroud, R. Barnsley, P. Buratti, I.H. Coffey, M. von Hellermann, C. Jupen, K.D. Lawson, A. Meigs, M. O'Mullane, A.D. Whiteford, K.-D. Zastrow, JET EFDA Contributors

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The prediction of impurity peaking in future fusion devices such as ITER necessitates the study of the dependence on Z of the impurity transport in present devices. In this paper we describe a novel technique to determine the transport of impurities with different atomic numbers independently. A technique has been developed that allows simultaneously the measurement of the transport of Ne and Ar in the same discharge while minimizing the systematic errors in the spectroscopic measurements. The reproduction of the charge-exchange measured densities, absolute vaccum ultra-violet line intensities and absolute soft x-ray intensity is achieved in an impurity transport simulation. The method used to estimate the errors on the transport coefficients of neon (Ne) and argon (Ar) is presented. In the plasma region where the diffusion and convection coefficients are determined for hybrid discharges, the transport of Ne and Ar is observed to exceed neoclassical predictions. In the same regions, the diffusion coefficients of both impurities are similar. The convection coefficients are also comparable for Ne and Ar. The peaking of Ne and Ar density profiles are comparable during the period where the intermittent slow reconnecting n = 1 mode is stable in these hybrid discharges.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-330
Number of pages18
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2007


  • spherical tokamaks
  • impurities in plasmas
  • plasma diagnostic techniques
  • plasma diagnostic instrumentation

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