Metabolism of trans, trans-muconaldehyde, a cytotoxic metabolite of benzene, in mouse liver by alcohol dehydrogenase Adh1 and aldehyde reductase AKR1A4

D.M. Short, R.C. Lyon, D.G. Watson, O.A. Barski, G. McGarvie, E. Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The reductive metabolism of trans, trans-muconaldehyde, a cytotoxic metabolite of benzene, was studied in mouse liver. Using an HPLC-based stopped assay, the primary reduced metabolite was identified as 6-hydroxy-trans, trans-2,4-hexadienal (OH/CHO) and the secondary metabolite as 1,6-dihydroxy-trans, trans-2,4-hexadiene (OH/OH). The main enzymes responsible for the highest levels of reductase activity towards trans, trans-muconaldehyde were purified from mouse liver soluble fraction first by Q-sepharose chromatography followed by either blue or red dye affinity chromatography. In mouse liver, trans, trans-muconaldehyde is predominantly reduced by an NADH-dependent enzyme, which was identified as alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh1). Kinetic constants obtained for trans, trans-muconaldehyde with the native Adh1 enzyme showed a Vmax of 2141 ± 500 nmol/min/mg and a Km of 11 ± 4 μM. This enzyme was inhibited by pyrazole with a KI of 3.1 ± 0.57 μM. Other fractions were found to contain muconaldehyde reductase activity independent of Adh1, and one enzyme was identified as the NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductase AKR1A4. This showed a Vmax of 115 nmol/min/mg and a Km of 15 ± 2 μM and was not inhibited by pyrazole.
LanguageEnglish
Pages163-170
Number of pages7
JournalToxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Volume210
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Aldehyde Reductase
Alcohol Dehydrogenase
Metabolites
Benzene
Metabolism
Liver
Enzymes
Oxidoreductases
Affinity chromatography
Agarose Chromatography
Chromatography
NADP
Affinity Chromatography
NAD
Sepharose
Assays
Coloring Agents
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
muconaldehyde
Kinetics

Keywords

  • benzene
  • trans-muconaldehyde
  • alcohol dehydrogenase
  • bioscience

Cite this

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title = "Metabolism of trans, trans-muconaldehyde, a cytotoxic metabolite of benzene, in mouse liver by alcohol dehydrogenase Adh1 and aldehyde reductase AKR1A4",
abstract = "The reductive metabolism of trans, trans-muconaldehyde, a cytotoxic metabolite of benzene, was studied in mouse liver. Using an HPLC-based stopped assay, the primary reduced metabolite was identified as 6-hydroxy-trans, trans-2,4-hexadienal (OH/CHO) and the secondary metabolite as 1,6-dihydroxy-trans, trans-2,4-hexadiene (OH/OH). The main enzymes responsible for the highest levels of reductase activity towards trans, trans-muconaldehyde were purified from mouse liver soluble fraction first by Q-sepharose chromatography followed by either blue or red dye affinity chromatography. In mouse liver, trans, trans-muconaldehyde is predominantly reduced by an NADH-dependent enzyme, which was identified as alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh1). Kinetic constants obtained for trans, trans-muconaldehyde with the native Adh1 enzyme showed a Vmax of 2141 ± 500 nmol/min/mg and a Km of 11 ± 4 μM. This enzyme was inhibited by pyrazole with a KI of 3.1 ± 0.57 μM. Other fractions were found to contain muconaldehyde reductase activity independent of Adh1, and one enzyme was identified as the NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductase AKR1A4. This showed a Vmax of 115 nmol/min/mg and a Km of 15 ± 2 μM and was not inhibited by pyrazole.",
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author = "D.M. Short and R.C. Lyon and D.G. Watson and O.A. Barski and G. McGarvie and E. Ellis",
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Metabolism of trans, trans-muconaldehyde, a cytotoxic metabolite of benzene, in mouse liver by alcohol dehydrogenase Adh1 and aldehyde reductase AKR1A4. / Short, D.M.; Lyon, R.C.; Watson, D.G.; Barski, O.A.; McGarvie, G.; Ellis, E.

In: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Vol. 210, No. 1-2, 2006, p. 163-170.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Metabolism of trans, trans-muconaldehyde, a cytotoxic metabolite of benzene, in mouse liver by alcohol dehydrogenase Adh1 and aldehyde reductase AKR1A4

AU - Short, D.M.

AU - Lyon, R.C.

AU - Watson, D.G.

AU - Barski, O.A.

AU - McGarvie, G.

AU - Ellis, E.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - The reductive metabolism of trans, trans-muconaldehyde, a cytotoxic metabolite of benzene, was studied in mouse liver. Using an HPLC-based stopped assay, the primary reduced metabolite was identified as 6-hydroxy-trans, trans-2,4-hexadienal (OH/CHO) and the secondary metabolite as 1,6-dihydroxy-trans, trans-2,4-hexadiene (OH/OH). The main enzymes responsible for the highest levels of reductase activity towards trans, trans-muconaldehyde were purified from mouse liver soluble fraction first by Q-sepharose chromatography followed by either blue or red dye affinity chromatography. In mouse liver, trans, trans-muconaldehyde is predominantly reduced by an NADH-dependent enzyme, which was identified as alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh1). Kinetic constants obtained for trans, trans-muconaldehyde with the native Adh1 enzyme showed a Vmax of 2141 ± 500 nmol/min/mg and a Km of 11 ± 4 μM. This enzyme was inhibited by pyrazole with a KI of 3.1 ± 0.57 μM. Other fractions were found to contain muconaldehyde reductase activity independent of Adh1, and one enzyme was identified as the NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductase AKR1A4. This showed a Vmax of 115 nmol/min/mg and a Km of 15 ± 2 μM and was not inhibited by pyrazole.

AB - The reductive metabolism of trans, trans-muconaldehyde, a cytotoxic metabolite of benzene, was studied in mouse liver. Using an HPLC-based stopped assay, the primary reduced metabolite was identified as 6-hydroxy-trans, trans-2,4-hexadienal (OH/CHO) and the secondary metabolite as 1,6-dihydroxy-trans, trans-2,4-hexadiene (OH/OH). The main enzymes responsible for the highest levels of reductase activity towards trans, trans-muconaldehyde were purified from mouse liver soluble fraction first by Q-sepharose chromatography followed by either blue or red dye affinity chromatography. In mouse liver, trans, trans-muconaldehyde is predominantly reduced by an NADH-dependent enzyme, which was identified as alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh1). Kinetic constants obtained for trans, trans-muconaldehyde with the native Adh1 enzyme showed a Vmax of 2141 ± 500 nmol/min/mg and a Km of 11 ± 4 μM. This enzyme was inhibited by pyrazole with a KI of 3.1 ± 0.57 μM. Other fractions were found to contain muconaldehyde reductase activity independent of Adh1, and one enzyme was identified as the NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductase AKR1A4. This showed a Vmax of 115 nmol/min/mg and a Km of 15 ± 2 μM and was not inhibited by pyrazole.

KW - benzene

KW - trans-muconaldehyde

KW - alcohol dehydrogenase

KW - bioscience

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T2 - Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology

JF - Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology

SN - 0041-008X

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ER -